AP World History : Socioeconomic Classes

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #8 : Socioeconomic Classes 600 Ce To 1450

The Mamluk concept of furusiyya might be compared to __________.

Possible Answers:

the Indian concept of karma

the European concept of chivalry

the Chinese concept of Mandate of Heaven

the French concept of Divine Right of Kings

the Aboriginal concept of dreamtime

Correct answer:

the European concept of chivalry

Explanation:

Furusiyya is a Mamluk code of behavior that emerged when the Mamluks served as slave-warriors for the Abbasid Caliphate and was strengthened after they gained their independence and formed the Mamluk Sultanate. Furusiyya was a code of behavior for knights and warriors and was comparable to the European concept of chivalry.

Example Question #9 : Socioeconomic Classes 600 Ce To 1450

In which of these societies were merchants most esteemed during the medieval era?

Possible Answers:

Southeast Asian

Ottoman

European

Chinese

Indian

Correct answer:

European

Explanation:

The status of merchants rose in European society during the medieval era more quickly than the status of merchants elsewhere. In European society, merchants were only behind the aristocracy and knights in the social hierarchy, whereas elsewhere they might be behind civil servants, scholars, priests, artisans, or even peasants.

Example Question #10 : Socioeconomic Classes 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these best describes the relationship between traditional elites and merchants during the early medieval period?

Possible Answers:

Elites generally viewed merchants favorably and engaged in many trading ventures of their own.

Elites generally viewed merchants with disdain and were reluctant to welcome them into the upper class.

Elites generally viewed merchants favorably and were eager to profit from the growth of trade.

None of these answers accurately describes the relationship between elites and merchants during the early medieval period.

Elites generally viewed merchants with disgust and believed that trade should be illegal.

Correct answer:

Elites generally viewed merchants with disdain and were reluctant to welcome them into the upper class.

Explanation:

During the early medieval period, the upper classes of societies had generally already been established. The elites in society were the landowning classes. During this period, however, the growth of trade meant that some merchants grew immensely wealthy. The elites, in the vast majority of societies, viewed merchants disdainfully and were very reluctant to welcome merchants into the upper class.

Example Question #21 : Socioeconomic Classes

Feudalism can best be described as a ____________.

Possible Answers:

social structure 

religious ideology 

philosophy 

artistic movement 

economic system 

Correct answer:

social structure 

Explanation:

While Feudalism did impact the economy and cultural landscape of medieval Europe, it was first and foremost a social order that strictly dictate the roles of the upper and lower classes. 

Example Question #542 : Ap World History

Which of these statements best reflects the nature of education in Europe during the Middle Ages?

Possible Answers:

Education was available to all male children in society, and was usually carried out by secular authorities.

Education was only available for the wealthiest in society, and was usually carried out by secular authorities.

Education was available to all members of society, and was usually carried out by secular authorities.

Education was available to all male children in society, and was usually carried out through the church.

Education was only available for the wealthiest in society, and was usually carried out through the church.

Correct answer:

Education was only available for the wealthiest in society, and was usually carried out through the church.

Explanation:

During the Middle Ages, education in Europe was only available to the wealthiest members of society. Universities first emerged in the twelfth century, but public schools and universal public education did not emerge until the nineteenth century. During the Middle Ages most education was carried out through the church - monastic communities arose to provide for the education of young scholars.

 

Example Question #22 : Socioeconomic Classes

Primogeniture was the set of laws behind which medieval practice? 

Possible Answers:

the crusading for reclaiming the holy land

the burning of heretics at the stake

the writing of romantic ballads

the inheritance of land, wealth, and title by male offspring

the bicameral parliament structure of Lords and Commons

Correct answer:

the inheritance of land, wealth, and title by male offspring

Explanation:

Primogeniture was the strict code of inheritance that passed all wealth land and titles down from father to eldest son. This practice severely limited the independence of women in society, and kept wealth from being distributed among lower classes. 

Example Question #1 : Socioeconomic Classes 1450 To 1750

The Samurai of Heian Japan were most similar in social ranking to warriors of which empire?

Possible Answers:

Samurai were independent mercenaries, they did not have a defined place in society.

The Roman Empire

The Aztec Empire

Medieval England

The Persian Empire

Correct answer:

Medieval England

Explanation:

Both Samurai warriors and British Knights held elevated positions in society. They served land-owning nobles, and could rise to political prominence through battle. They were distinctly above the peasants, and made a career of being a soldier. Note that Samurai were, by definition, warriors who served a specific noble. Ronin were masterless samurai, but were considered a fundamentally different class of person in society.

Example Question #2 : Socioeconomic Classes 1450 To 1750

Most Janissaries were __________.

Possible Answers:

kidnapped Christian boys from southern Europe

religious leaders in the Ottoman Empire

soldiers who rebelled against Ottoman authority during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

traders and merchants who grew extremely wealthy under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman slaves from the Far East

Correct answer:

kidnapped Christian boys from southern Europe

Explanation:

Janissaries were soldiers in the Ottoman Empire who had been kidnapped as young Christian boys, enslaved, and forced to serve in the Ottoman armed forces. Most Janissaries came from Ottoman holdings in southern Europe.

Example Question #3 : Socioeconomic Classes 1450 To 1750

In the Spanish colonial hierarchy who were creoles?

Possible Answers:

Individuals who had European and native ancestry

Individuals who were born in the colonies to Spanish parents

Individuals who were born in Spain and then moved to the colonies

Individuals who had African and native ancestry

Individuals who had European and African ancestry

Correct answer:

Individuals who were born in the colonies to Spanish parents

Explanation:

In the Spanish colonial hierarchy creoles were individuals who were born in the colonies, but who had Spanish parents or grandparents. Creoles were considered second-class citizens and were beneath peninsulares in the social hierarchy. 

Example Question #4 : Socioeconomic Classes 1450 To 1750

In the Spanish colonial hierarchy what were mestizos?

Possible Answers:

Individuals who had African and native ancestry

Individuals who were born in Spain and then moved to the colonies

Individuals who had European and African ancestry

Individuals who were born in the colonies to Spanish parents

Individuals who had European and native ancestry

Correct answer:

Individuals who had European and native ancestry

Explanation:

The Spanish colonial hierarchy was headed by the peninsulares (settlers who were born in Spain), followed by the creoles (individuals whose parents had been born in Spain), and finally Mestizos (individuals who had European and native ancestry). Mestizos enjoyed some rights in Spanish America, but were prejudiced against by the peninsulares and the creoles.

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