AP US Government : Policy Relations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP US Government

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Policy Relations

A Unitary State is best defined as __________.

Possible Answers:

a state in which power is shared equally between the central Federal government and the states and districts

a state in which partisan politics are put aside for the common good of the nation

a state that is heavily divided between sectarian and bipartisan politics

a state centrally governed by the Federal government, in which the states and districts have only those powers delegated them by the Federal government

a state that is governed by one dominant political party, through which the majority exercises complete dominance over the political arena

Correct answer:

a state centrally governed by the Federal government, in which the states and districts have only those powers delegated them by the Federal government

Explanation:

A Unitary State, in contrast with a Federalist or Confederal state, is a state that is dominated exclusively by the central Federal government. Many of the modern European powers are Unitary States, but the United States of America is a Federal state, where powers are shared between the central government and the states.

Example Question #1 : Policy Relations

Which of these statements about categorical grants is true?

Possible Answers:

They are prescribed for a fixed and narrow purpose.

They can be used for broad and non-specific purposes.

They were made illegal under the New Deal programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

They were first issued under the New Deal program of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

They are established solely to encourage the increased availability of education.

Correct answer:

They are prescribed for a fixed and narrow purpose.

Explanation:

Categorical grants issued by the United States government are issued with a fixed and narrow purpose in mind. The money is given to local or state governments under the assurance that it will be used for a specific purpose decided at the Federal level, often education. They differ from block grants, which offer the local or state government a much broader scope for the use of the money.

Example Question #2 : Policy Relations

The term "Military-Industrial Complex" was coined by which president during his farewell address?

Possible Answers:

George Washington

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Jimmy Carter

John F. Kennedy

Richard Nixon

Correct answer:

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Explanation:

Dwight D. Eisenhower warned against the dangers of the military-industrial complex in his farewell speech given on January 17, 1961. Eisenhower's critique of the military-industrial is considered particularly resonant, and informed, since he was, prior to his political career, a five-star general and the supreme commander of the Allied forces during the invasion of Nazi Europe.

Example Question #31 : Public Policy

Isolationism is __________

Possible Answers:

a government policy that argues that the United States should not get involved in foreign conflicts.

When a President voted out of office, but still has a few months before he is replaced by the newly elected President.

A policy, dominant in the Twentieth Century, where the United States tries to act as an arbiter in foreign conflicts.

The name given to the anti-Catholic fever that gripped American social and political life in the first half of the Twentieth Century.

a situation where the President is up against Legislative and Judicial Branches are controlled by the opposition party.

Correct answer:

a government policy that argues that the United States should not get involved in foreign conflicts.

Explanation:

Isolationism was a foreign policy that was dominant in the American political arena throughout the majority of the nineteenth century. It argues that the United States will not get involved in foreign conflicts and will try to remain isolated on the international stage.

Example Question #1 : Foreign Relations

The League of Nations was the brainchild of which American President?

Possible Answers:

Calvin Coolidge

Herbert Hoover

Woodrow Wilson

Jimmy Carter

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Correct answer:

Woodrow Wilson

Explanation:

The League of Nations was part of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, which he released on the eve of the end of World War One. The idea was to form an international body that would oversee international affairs and try to prevent another global conflict from breaking out. It failed in part due to a lack of support in the United States: it failed even to pass Congress, much to Wilson’s dismay.

Example Question #3 : Policy Relations

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was created in the early years of __________

Possible Answers:

World War One. 

World War Two. 

The Spanish-American War. 

The Cold War. 

The Vietnam War. 

Correct answer:

The Cold War. 

Explanation:

NATO was created in 1949 as an alliance of the United States, Canada, Western Europe, and Turkey to meet the perceived threat of the Soviet Union and the rise of communism. It was primarily a military alliance. Its opposition was the Warsaw Pact, which was formed shortly afterwards between Russia and the communist nations of the Eastern Bloc.

Example Question #2 : Policy Relations

The term appeasement is best defined as __________.

Possible Answers:

the use of Federal funds to improve the infrastructure in only a small number of individual states

the gridlock that occurs in Congress when one party controls Congress and the other controls the Presidency

the releasement of funds from the Federal government to the states with a prescribed and narrow purpose

the maintenance of a large military presence so as to discourage an attack on the United States

the act of making concessions to a political rival in order to prevent something even worse from happening

Correct answer:

the act of making concessions to a political rival in order to prevent something even worse from happening

Explanation:

Appeasement is the term given to making concessions to a political or military rival in order to prevent said rival from doing something even worse. It has long been a controversial form of making policy and is most notable in US History for America’s reaction to the Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931.

Example Question #1 : Foreign Relations

The first treaty concerning the reduction of nuclear weapons held by the United States and the Soviet Union was signed during the presidency of __________.

Possible Answers:

Ronald Reagan

John F. Kennedy

George H. W. Bush

Bill Clinton

Richard Nixon

Correct answer:

Richard Nixon

Explanation:

Throughout the initial decades of the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union continued to acquire more and more nuclear weapons until each nation possessed the capacity to destroy the planet many times over. In an attempt to mitigate this massive threat to humanity, the two superpowers signed a treaty in 1972 designed to reduce the stockpile of nuclear weapons possessed by both nations. This took place during the presidency of Richard Nixon.

Example Question #1 : Policy Relations

In his farewell address George Washington warned against which of the following?

Possible Answers:

None of these answers are correct

Foreign Entanglements and Judiciary Power

Deficit Spending and Judiciary Power

Foreign Entanglements and Political Factions

Political Factions and Judiciary Power

Correct answer:

Foreign Entanglements and Political Factions

Explanation:

George Washington was particularly concerned about entering long-term alliances with foreign nations, fearing it would draw America into unnecessary conflicts. His fear of political factions warring over the government was a common fear among the founders, best expressed by Madison's Federalist No. 10. 

Example Question #3 : Policy Relations

Before intervening in each World War, the US pursued which method of foreign policy?

Possible Answers:

Detente

Isolationism

Gunboat diplomacy

Interventionism

Hot-Cold Tactics

Correct answer:

Isolationism

Explanation:

The idea of getting involved in foreign conflicts was incredibly unpopular in America, and the isolationist politicians in Congress tried to keep America out of both of the World Wars as long as possible before the United States eventually entered both of the wars late.

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