AP US Government : Policy Networks

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP US Government

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Policy Networks

The study of population statistics and changing birth-rates is called __________.

Possible Answers:

etymology

appropriation

psychology

demography

enaction

Correct answer:

demography

Explanation:

Demography is the study of statistics such as birth rates, income levels, and distribution of population, which are used to measure the changing realities of population. It is important for determining change over time and for identifying historical trends, as well as for analyzing the makeup of contemporary society.

Example Question #2 : Policy Networks

Which of these executive departments was created most recently?

Possible Answers:

Labor

Transportation

Interior

Education

Agriculture

Correct answer:

Education

Explanation:

The Department of Education is the most recently created of these executive departments. It was created in 1979 and is primarily tasked with administering federal aid to universities and schools. The other departments were created in the following years: 1849—Interior; 1889—Agriculture; 1913—Labor; 1967—Transportation.

Example Question #3 : Policy Networks

An unfunded mandate __________.

Possible Answers:

requires a state or local government to carry out a some action or procedure but does not provide any federal money to help them to do so

is achieved when a Presidential candidate wins an election despite having a significantly lower amount of money raised in campaign financing

sets aside certain money that is not used in a government agency to be rolled over to the next calendar year

allows for Federal programs to be sponsored by an interest group so that the burden does not fall on the taxpayer

None of the other answers is correct.

Correct answer:

requires a state or local government to carry out a some action or procedure but does not provide any federal money to help them to do so

Explanation:

An unfunded mandate is a federal government ruling that requires state or local governments to carry out some action, procedure, or other piece of legislation, but does not actually provide any federal money in order to help the state or local government do so.

Example Question #4 : Policy Networks

What is the name given to a close relationship between an agency, an interest group, and a congressional committee that is generally mutually advantageous to all three groups?

Possible Answers:

A Grass Roots Campaign

An Issues Network

The Inner Circle

An Iron Triangle

A Co-dependent Network

Correct answer:

An Iron Triangle

Explanation:

The Iron Triangle is the name used in US politics to a refer to a mutually beneficial arrangement between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees. Essentially, all three groups provide one another with favorable feedback, decisions, and actions in order to meet aligned goals. It is controversial because it would seem to remove the individual American from the process of lawmaking.

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