AP Environmental Science : Efficiency

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Efficiency

Gasoline has an energy density of roughly 122.8 megajoules per gallon. A car company has produced a new economy car that has a fuel economy of 35 miles per gallon, and 0.877 MJ is exerted per mile to power the forward motion of the vehicle. What is the percent fuel efficiency of the car?

Explanation:

The fuel efficiency of the vehicle can be calculated as such:

This equation gives us the energy converted to forward motion per gallon of gas. We can use this value to determine the percent of total fuel energy that is devoted to forward motion:

From these calculations, we can determine that 25% of the energy from a gallon of gas is converted to actual forward motion of the vehicle, giving us a fuel efficiency value of 25%.

Example Question #1 : Efficiency

What are net-zero-energy buildings?

Building that as insulated in such a way that they do not require a heating source. They are heated through light bulbs, humans, etc.

Buildings whose windows are superinsulated.

Buildings that yield as much or more energy than they need.

Building installed with solar panels.

Building that produce energy.

Buildings that yield as much or more energy than they need.

Explanation:

All of the answers are part of energy conservation. But to be net zero the building has to produce energy and cannot be using any more than it produces.