SSAT Middle Level Verbal : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Middle Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Synonyms

Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

LEWD

Possible Answers:

misleading

vulgar

directionless

absolve

noisy

Correct answer:

vulgar

Explanation:

Lewd means vulgar.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Synonyms

Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

TEDIOUS

Possible Answers:

disgusting

forgiven

trapped

boring

upset

Correct answer:

boring

Explanation:

"Tedious" means boring or dull.

Example Question #3 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

A synonym of "burgeoning" is __________.

Possible Answers:

escalating

declining

closing

bubbling

drying

Correct answer:

escalating

Explanation:

"Burgeon" is a verb that means "beginning to grow or increase rapidly, flourishing," or "putting forth young shoots; budding" when used of plants, so we need to pick out another adjective that means something like "flourishing." Since "escalating" means "increase rapidly" or "become or cause to become more intense or serious," "escalating" is the answer choice closest in meaning to "burgeoning," so it is the correct answer.

Example Question #4 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

A synonym of “engrossed” is __________.

Possible Answers:

gleeful

bored

riveted

measured

fortunate

Correct answer:

riveted

Explanation:

“Engrossed” is an adjective that means “having all one’s attention or interest absorbed by someone or something.” So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “absorbed.” That means that “bored” cannot be the correct answer, because “bored” is an adjective that means “feeling weary because one is unoccupied or lacks interest in one’s current activity,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “engrossed.” “Riveted,” however, is an adjective that can mean “attracted and completely engrossed,” and because “riveted” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “engrossed,” “riveted” is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

A synonym of “null” is __________.

Possible Answers:

pernicious

valid

jagged

void

demonstrable

Correct answer:

void

Explanation:

“Null” is a word that can be used as an adjective, noun, or verb, but because all of the potential answer choices are adjectives, we will need to consider “null” as an adjective. When used as an adjective, “null” means either “having no legal or binding force; invalid” or “having or associated with the value zero.” So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “cancelled” or “associated with the value zero.” That means that “valid” cannot be the correct answer, because “valid” can mean “legally binding due to having been executed in compliance with the law” or “legally or officially acceptable,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “null.” “Void,” however, when used as an adjective, means “not valid or legally binding,” and because “void” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “null,” “void” is the correct answer.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

A synonym of “ingrained” is __________.

Possible Answers:

superb

transient

gregarious

pungent

entrenched

Correct answer:

entrenched

Explanation:

“Ingrained” is an adjective that can mean either “firmly fixed or established; difficult to change” when referring to a habit, belief, or attitude, or “deeply embedded and thus difficult to remove” when referring to dirt or a stain. So, we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “difficult to change” or “deeply embedded.” That means that “transient” cannot be the correct answer, because “transient” means “lasting only for a short time; impermanent,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “ingrained.” “Entrenched,” however, is an adjective that is used of an attitude, habit, or belief and means “firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained.” Because “entrenched” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “ingrained,” “entrenched” is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

A synonym of “insidious” is __________.

Possible Answers:

overt

mechanical

pernicious

convenient

potential

Correct answer:

pernicious

Explanation:

“Insidious” is an adjective that can mean either “proceeding subtly, but with harmful effects” or “treacherous and crafty,” so we need to pick out an answer choice that means something like “subtly harmful” or “treacherous.” That means that “overt” cannot be the correct answer, because “overt” means “done or shown openly; plainly or readily apparent, not secret or hidden,” making it an antonym, not a synonym, of “insidious.” “Pernicious,” however, is an adjective that means “having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way,” and because “pernicious” is the answer choice closest in meaning to “insidious,” “pernicious” is the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Synonyms: choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the word in question.

Contaminated

Possible Answers:

Clean

Polluted

Drinkable

Random

Productive

Correct answer:

Polluted

Explanation:

"Contaminated" means polluted.

Example Question #9 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Synonyms: choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the word in question.

Toxic

Possible Answers:

Friendly

Harmful

Helpful

Corrupted

Important

Correct answer:

Harmful

Explanation:

"Toxic" means harmful or poisonous.

Example Question #5 : Synonyms: Other Adjectives

Synonyms: choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the word in question.

Deliberate

Possible Answers:

Illegal

Intentional

Accidental

Harmful

Treacherous

Correct answer:

Intentional

Explanation:

"Deliberate" means intentional; Accidental means unintentional; Harmful means causing harm; Treacherous means dangerous; and Illegal means not lawful.

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