# Algebra 1 : Midpoint Formula

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #1 : Midpoint Formula

Point A is (5, 7).  Point B is (x, y).  The midpoint of AB is (17, –4). What is the value of B?

(29, –15)

(8.5, –2)

(22, –9)

(12, –11)

(29, –15)

Explanation:

Point A is (5, 7). Point B is (x, y). The midpoint of AB is (17, –4). What is the value of B?

We need to use our generalized midpoint formula:

MP = ( (5 + x)/2, (7 + y)/2 )

Solve each separately:

(5 + x)/2 = 17 → 5 + x = 34 → x = 29

(7 + y)/2 = –4 → 7 + y = –8 → y = –15

Therefore, B is (29, –15).

Explanation:

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Endpoints Of A Line Segment

Line segment AC has one endpoint at . If this line's midpoint is at the origin, what are the coordinates of its other endpoint?

Explanation:

A line's midpoint is the coordinate pair of that line which has the same number of points on either side of it. It bisects the line in two equal parts

Solution:

We are given that the line has an endpoint at  and its midpoint is on the origin. This known point would be in the Quadrant III and since on the opposite side of the midpoint there is exactly as much line we know that the other half of our line will lie in the Quadrant I. Add the absolute value of our known point to the coordinates of the origin to get . This is the unknown endpoint. You should recognize that this end point is exactly the same distance in the x and y direction (just opposite) as our given endpoint.

### Example Question #4 : Midpoint Formula

Line segment XY has a midpoint of . If X is  what is Y?

Explanation:

For this kind of problem, it's important to keep in mind how midpoint is solved for:

where  is the midpoint coordinate.

Because we've been given the midpoint already, we'll have to solve this problem backwards. Since we've been given one of the endpoints (X) and we just need to solve for the other end point (Y), we may arbitrarily assign  as . If we substitute in the two coordinates - an endpoint and the midpoint - we should be able to solve for the unknown endpoint.

It may be visually easier to break the arithmetic into separate operations.

and

By separating the x and y components, we can easily solve for the missing endpoint now.

Doing similar arithmetic,  will be solved to be .

Therefore, endpoint Y is

### Example Question #5 : Midpoint Formula

Line segment EF has a midpoint of . If endpoint F is at , what's the coordinate for endpoint E?

Explanation:

For this kind of problem, it's important to keep in mind how midpoint is solved for:

where  is the midpoint coordinate.

Because we've been given the midpoint already, we'll have to solve this problem backwards. Since we've been given one of the endpoints (F) and we just need to solve for the other end point (E), we may arbitrarily assign  as . If we substitute in the two coordinates - an endpoint and the midpoint - we should be able to solve for the unknown endpoint.

It may be visually easier to break the arithmetic into separate operations.

and

By separating the x and y components, we can easily solve for the missing endpoint now.

Doing similar arithmetic,  will be solved to be .

Therefore, endpoint E is .

### Example Question #6 : Midpoint Formula

Line segment DF has a midpoint of . If endpoint D is at , where is endpoint F?

Explanation:

For this kind of problem, it's important to keep in mind how midpoint is solved for:

where  is the midpoint coordinate.

Because we've been given the midpoint already, we'll have to solve this problem backwards. Since we've been given one of the endpoints (D) and we just need to solve for the other end point (F), we may arbitrarily assign  as . If we substitute in the two coordinates - an endpoint and the midpoint - we should be able to solve for the unknown endpoint.

It may be visually easier to break the arithmetic into separate operations.

and

By separating the x and y components, we can easily solve for the missing endpoint now.

Doing similar arithmetic,  will be solved to be .

Therefore, endpoint Y is .

### Example Question #7 : Midpoint Formula

The midpoint of a line segment is represented by the point . If the coordinates for one of its endpoints are  and the y-coordinate of the other endpoint is 5, find the value of the x-coordinate. To clarify, our endpoints are  and

Explanation:

We know that the midpoint of our line segment is  . To find the x-coordinate of this segment, we work backwards, starting with our midpoint formula. In this case, we only need to use the midpoint formula to solve for the x-coordinate, which looks like:

Next, multiply both sides of the equation by 2, which gives us:

, which means our missing x-coordinate is 0. So, the endpoints of our line segment are .

### Example Question #8 : Midpoint Formula

If the midpoint of a line segment is (3, 4) and one endpoint is (-1, 2), find the other endpoint.

(4, 2)

(7, 6)

(4, 6)

(2, 6)

(3, 8)

(7, 6)

Explanation:

To solve, we will using the midpoint formula and substitute what we know.  The midpoint formula is:

where  and  are the endpoints.

Now, here is what we know:

Here is what we are solving for

So, we will substitute.  We get

We can divide this into parts.  We know

and

So, we can solve for  and  to find the other endpoint.

This give us the point .  Therefore, the other endpoint is .

### Example Question #9 : Midpoint Formula

A line segment has the midpoint . One end point of the line segment is located at . What is the other end point?

Explanation:

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Midpoint Of A Line Segment

Find the midpoint on the line segment from (2, 3) to (4, 1).

(2, –2)

(2, 2)

(3, 2)

(6, 4)

(–2, 2)