TOEIC : Logic-based completions based on a passage

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for TOEIC

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

At three o’clock precisely I was at Baker Street, but Holmes had not yet returned. The landlady ____________ me that he had left the house shortly after eight o’clock in the morning. I sat down beside the fire, however, with the intention of awaiting him, however long he might be. 

Adapted from The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1892)

The landlady ____________ me that he had left the house shortly after eight o’clock in the morning.

Possible Answers:

asked

informed

informing

inform

Correct answer:

informed

Explanation:

The correct answer is "informed." This is because the sentence uses the past tense, and so the verb must also be in past tense. Neither "inform" nor "informing" are in past tense. The word "asked" is in past tense, but it does not make sense in this sentence, since the landlady is giving the speaker information, not asking him a question. 

Example Question #1 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

Without a map, it was hard to _________ the best route to take. 

Possible Answers:

determine 

differentiate 

diminish 

define 

deviate 

Correct answer:

determine 

Explanation:

Without a map, it's hard to figure out which route to take. The word that best replaces "figure out" is determine. 

Though define and determine are close in meaning, to define something means to establish its definition or meaning, while determine means more to reach a conclusion or make a choice. 

Example Question #2 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

Jean-Paul was a mountain guide; his _________ were useful to the group.

Possible Answers:

expert 

expertness 

essence 

expertise 

exasperate 

Correct answer:

expertise 

Explanation:

Expertise is a plural noun meaning skills or knowledge. It is the only choice that fits both grammatically and logically. 

Example Question #4 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

It was a tough hike that would take the whole day. They needed to be sure they had enough __________

Possible Answers:

provisions 

provisos 

possibilities 

percocets 

prerequisites

Correct answer:

provisions 

Explanation:

Both the difficulty and duration of the hike indicate that the group will need to have supplies with them. Used as a noun, provisions is a synonym for supplies.  

Though the word looks similar, proviso has a very different meaning: it denotes a modification or clause in a contract. 

Though prerequisite also connotes preparation, it means a specific qualification one needs to have in order to be allowed to enrol in something. For example, you might say that a specific wilderness safety training course was a prerequisite to join a hiking group. 

 

Example Question #3 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

They planned to __________ the mountain before 2:00pm in order to leave themselves plenty of time to hike back down. 

Possible Answers:

summit 

surfeit 

submit 

diminish

descend

Correct answer:

summit 

Explanation:

Used as a verb, to summit means to reach the top of something. Because the second half of the sentence lets you know the group is going back down the mountain, this is the only answer that fits. 

Example Question #21 : Logic Based Sentence Completions

There were cougars on the mountain. Jean-Paul stressed the importance of remaining _________

Possible Answers:

virile 

vigilant

vacuous 

vigilante 

vivacious 

Correct answer:

vigilant

Explanation:

Vigilant is an adjective meaning aware and attentive; vigilante is a noun meaning someone who takes the law into their own hands (like most comic book superheroes, for example). 

 

 

Example Question #31 : Logic Based Sentence Completions

There was a fork in the hiking trail; the group stopped at the point where the trail __________

Possible Answers:

dividended 

diverged 

disrupted

divulged

disreputed 

Correct answer:

diverged 

Explanation:

From the first sentence, you know there is a fork in the road. To diverge means to extend in different directions. Although the other words sound similar, none of them has a similar meaning. 

Example Question #32 : Logic Based Sentence Completions

As the day wore on and the apex of the mountain seemed no closer, the group began to feel ___________ about their prospects of getting back to camp before dark. 

Possible Answers:

imperial 

impervious 

erroneous 

anxious 

advantageous 

Correct answer:

anxious 

Explanation:

There are only two options that convey emotional states: anxious means worried and is therefore the right choice. The only other emotional state on this list, impervious, means impenetrable. 

Example Question #1 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

__________ his years of experience climbing mountains, Jean-Paul was unsure which path was the right one. 

Possible Answers:

Respite 

Heretofore 

Because 

Despite

Thither 

Correct answer:

Despite

Explanation:

There is a conflict in the sentence between Jean-Paul's uncertainty and his experience. The word despite is the only way to maintain that tension logically. 

Example Question #1 : Logic Based Completions Based On A Passage

Over many years working in the mountains, Jean-Paul had developed instinctive survival skills. When the cougar leapt out of the woods, his reflexes were swift and ___________

Possible Answers:

automatic 

automobile 

automat 

automaton 

auto 

Correct answer:

automatic 

Explanation:

The word instinctive in the first sentence is the first clue to helping you fill in the blank. The structure of the sentence, too, should also indicate that the word you're looking for is an adjective. Automatic is the only option that fits. 

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