AP Human Geography : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Which of these most accurately describes acculturation?

Possible Answers:

The adoption of cultural and social characteristics of one society that is controlled by another society

The strict and uniform adherence to a particular religious belief or cultural tradition

The process by which immigrants adapt to the cultural and social characteristics of the country they have immigrated to

The emergence of new cultural trends and their dispersion around the world

None of these answers accurately describes acculturation

Correct answer:

The adoption of cultural and social characteristics of one society that is controlled by another society

Explanation:

“Acculturation” is the term used to describe the adoption of certain cultural and social characteristics of one society by another society. It usually occurs when one society is controlled, either politically, economically, socially, or all of these, by another society. And the people are forced to adapt their cultural experiences in order to survive in this new social climate.

Example Question #1 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

From which of these countries do the largest number of immigrants arrive in South Florida?

Possible Answers:

Cuba

Brazil

Colombia

Mexico

Nicaragua

Correct answer:

Cuba

Explanation:

Although Mexico sends far more immigrants to the United States than Cuba does in any given year, the majority of Mexican immigrants arrive in the southwest of the United States. Cuban immigrants tend to arrive, almost exclusively, in South Florida. This has contributed a great deal to the ethnic makeup of Miami, as well as its culture.

Example Question #3 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Creole becomes distinct from pidgin when __________.

Possible Answers:

it incorporates more than two languages

it is used by the government in the official politics of the region

it evolves into the primary language of the region

None of these answers are correct; the two words describe the same phenomenon.

its cultural impact exceeds the geographic range of its speakers

Correct answer:

it evolves into the primary language of the region

Explanation:

A “pidgin” language is a language that develops when two or more different languages meet in one geographic region- often when colonizers and the colonized live together in close proximity. The resulting language has elements of both the original languages. When a “pidgin” evolves into the primary language of a region it is called a “Creole” language.

Example Question #1 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

The use of Native-American tribal names in American sports is an example of __________.

Possible Answers:

economic imperialism

contagious diffusion

globalization

cultural appropriation

hierarchical diffusion

Correct answer:

cultural appropriation

Explanation:

The term “cultural appropriation” is used to describe a situation where a dominant social or cultural group takes an expression, idea, or product from an oppressed cultural group and uses it for its own benefit. So, the use of Native-American tribal names in American sports (Redskins, Blackhawks, Braves, and so on) is an example of cultural appropriation.

Example Question #2 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

In modern day India a great deal of business and legal disputes are carried out in English, this is an example of __________.

Possible Answers:

acculturation

encumene

genocide

assimilation

evangelism

Correct answer:

acculturation

Explanation:

India was, for a long time, controlled by the British Empire. Many wealthy Indians were educated in English and English language came to take on an elitist status on the Indian subcontinent. This has led to a classic example of “acculturation,” whereby even though India has been independent from Britain since the mid-1940s the English language continues to be widely used and influential on the continent - particularly in areas of elite culture like law, economics, and business.

Example Question #5 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Choose the correct answer. 

Who is the man responsible for coining the term "acculturation"?

Possible Answers:

Florian Znaniecki

Plato 

Milton Gordon

J.W. Powell

Correct answer:

J.W. Powell

Explanation:

J.W. Powell is credited with coining the term acculturation. Powell coined this term in 1880 and served as the second director in the U.S. Geological Survey. 

Example Question #6 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Choose the correct answer. 

What language and culture is an early example of assimilation? 

Possible Answers:

Spanish 

French 

Latin

English 

Correct answer:

Latin

Explanation:

The Latin language and culture was adopted and is the basis of most modern day languages. The language became dominant due to the power of the Roman people. 

Example Question #7 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

An area where innovations in culture began spread to other areas is known as which of these?

Possible Answers:

Culture hearth

Culture region

Culture realm

Historical district

Cultural diffusion

Correct answer:

Culture hearth

Explanation:

Culture hearth is the area where innovations in culture began and from which such cultural elements spread out to other regions. 

Example Question #4 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Determine if the statement is true or false. 

Enculturation can be used to describe the process of second culture learning. 

Possible Answers:

true 

false

Correct answer:

false

Explanation:

Enculturation describes the process of first culture learning, whereas acculturation describes the process of second culture learning. Through first culture learning, individuals learn about their surrounding culture and shape their values and behaviors based on their learnings. This term is related to socialization. 

Example Question #9 : Acculturation, Assimilation, & Multiculturalism

Choose the correct answer. 

Acculturation has been studied in various fields EXCEPT ___________.

Possible Answers:

psychology 

sociology 

biology 

anthropology 

Correct answer:

biology 

Explanation:

Acculturation has been studied in the Psychology, Anthropology and Sociology fields. Scientific studies regarding the term have been studied since 1918. A variety of theories and definitions have been created throughout the years. Current studies focus around individuals and adaption to their cultures. 

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