AP Spanish : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Spanish

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #2 : Spanish Verbs

Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

No vengo a menos que __________ ellos. 

Possible Answers:

vinieron 

venir

vengan

vienen

vendrían

Correct answer:

vengan

Explanation:

"a menos que" is an adverbial subjunctive clause that takes the subjunctive and not the indicative. Knowing this we may identify the correct form of the verb as "vengan," the 3rd person plural present sunjunctive. 

Example Question #1 : Spanish Verbs

Is there a grammatical error in this sentence?

Es increíble que hace algo tan malo.

Possible Answers:

Hace should be in its subjunctive form, haga.

Es should be in its subjunctive form, sea.

The adjective malo is in the wrong gender.

The sentence is correct.

Correct answer:

Hace should be in its subjunctive form, haga.

Explanation:

This is a classic impersonal statement expressing doubt or opinion, meaning that the verb following the impersonal statement, hace, should be in its subjunctive form, haga.

Example Question #4 : Spanish Verbs

Which verb best completes the sentence?

Puedes descansarte cuando __________ al hotel, pero ahora tenemos que andar.

Possible Answers:

llegabamos

llegar

lleguemos

llegando

Correct answer:

lleguemos

Explanation:

The present subjunctive form is necessary here, as we have not yet arrived; thus there is still doubt over when, or if, we will. 

Example Question #5 : Spanish Verbs

What kind of grammatical error appears in this sentence?

Es mejor que completas la tarea ahora.

Possible Answers:

The second verb is in the wrong tense.

The first verb is in the wrong person.

Nothing is wrong with the sentence.

The second verb is in the wrong mood.

Correct answer:

The second verb is in the wrong mood.

Explanation:

Impersonal statements require verbs to be in the subjunctive mood. The sentence's second verb "completas" (from completar) is in the indicative mood, making it incorrect. To correct the sentence, one would need to replace "completas" with "completes," the second-person present subjunctive form of the verb completar.

English translation: "It would be better if you were to complete your homework now."

Example Question #2 : Mood Of The Verb In Spanish

Which verb form is grammatically correct?

Es increíble que una persona tan perezosa __________ tener tanto éxito.

Possible Answers:

podía

puedo

pueda

None of the other answers are correct.

Correct answer:

pueda

Explanation:

An impersonal statement, such as this one, may be completed by the subjunctive mood. All other options are incorrect either in mood, tense, or number.

English translation: "It is incredible that such a lazy person could be so successful."

Example Question #7 : Spanish Verbs

What is grammatically incorrect in the following sentence?

Es importante que todos los estudiantes estudian este fin de semana.

Possible Answers:

The agreement between the subject and verb

The agreement of the possessive adjective with the noun

All of the above are incorrect.

The mood used in the subordinate clause

Correct answer:

The mood used in the subordinate clause

Explanation:

The conjugation of “estudiar” in the subordinate clause is incorrect because the main clause triggers the use of the present subjunctive mood; therefore, the correct form should be "estudien."

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors