SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Roots from Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #41 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Select the word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

DOMICILE.

Possible Answers:

Home 

Work 

Friend 

Criminal 

Suspect 

Correct answer:

Home 

Explanation:

The term “domicile” is used to refer to a home. The prefix dom- usually precedes a term about the house or home, as in domesticated. 

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

ADUMBRATE

Possible Answers:

Repel

Store

Assassinate 

Outline

Mesmerize

Correct answer:

Outline

Explanation:

To "adumbrate" is to outline, sketch, or give a faint indication of something.  The root "umbra" means shadow. So, "outline" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "adumbrate."

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Roots

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

MOLLIFY

Possible Answers:

Soften

Banter

Meander

Magnify

Pursue

Correct answer:

Soften

Explanation:

"Mollify" is a verb that means to soften or calm.  The root word "molli" means soft. So, "soften" is the correct answer because it is the answer choice closest in meaning to "mollify."

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

MAGNANIMOUS

Possible Answers:

Windy

Systemic

Subjective

Generous

Painful

Correct answer:

Generous

Explanation:

"Magnanimous" means generous and noble.  The root "magn" means great in Latin, while the root word "animus" means spirit in Latin. So, "generous" is the correct answer because it is closest in meaning to "magnanimous."

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

NEOPHYTE

Possible Answers:

Aid

Tolerance

Jester

Novice

Straw

Correct answer:

Novice

Explanation:

A "neophyte" is a beginner or a novice, so "novice" is the correct answer. The root words neo and nov both mean new. The root phyte means growth. None of the other words are close in meaning to "neophyte": "straw" means hay; "aid" means help; "jester" means clown; and "tolerance" means acceptance.  

Example Question #41 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: Select the one word or phrase whose meaning is closest to the word in capital letters.

ARBOREAL

Possible Answers:

Pertaining to the atmosphere

Pertaining to human beings

Pertaining to trees

Pertaining to rocks

Pertaining to water

Correct answer:

Pertaining to trees

Explanation:

The word "arboreal" means pertaining to trees. You might be able to infer this because "arbor" is the Latin word for tree. So, the best answer choice is "pertaining to trees."

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Roots From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SOLILOQUY

Possible Answers:

Monologue

Destiny

Permission

Sphere

Stagnation

Correct answer:

Monologue

Explanation:

A "soliloquy" is a monologue. The root word "sol-" means alone, and the root word "loqu-" means talk. "Monologue" is thus the correct answer.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Prefixes From Latin

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ACQUIT

Possible Answers:

Sentence

Ignore

Imprision

Exonerate

Judge

Correct answer:

Exonerate

Explanation:

When someone is “acquitted” of an action, he or she is “forgiven” or set free from any sort of charges of that action. For instance, someone “acquitted of murder” is judged to be innocent of the crime. The word “exonerate” best matches this usage. It means to remove blame officially. Literally, it is derived from the Latin meaning to lift the burden from someone. The “-onerate” portion of the word means “burden,” while (as you likely know) “ex-” means out of or away from. The word is related to “onerous,” meaning burdensome or difficult.

Example Question #2 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

VERBOSE

Possible Answers:

Literary

Soft-spoken

Conjugated

Literal

Wordy

Correct answer:

Wordy

Explanation:

The word “verbose” comes from the Latin for “word.” It is related to words like “verbal” and “verb.” It means using too many words to communicate something. Although the word “wordy” is a bit informal, it means just this—that someone uses too many words.

Example Question #42 : Using Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots To Identify Synonyms

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

MALICE

Possible Answers:

Information

Presentation

Courage

Malevolence

Benevolence

Correct answer:

Malevolence

Explanation:

"Malice" means evil or the quality of desiring to harm others. So, the correct answer is "malevolence," which also means the quality of desiring to harm others. 

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