SAT II Latin : Using vocative case in Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Latin

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Using Vocative Case In Latin

__________, veni in villam!

Possible Answers:

filius 

filii

filie

filī

filies

Correct answer:

filī

Explanation:

From the singular imperative veni and the exclamation mark, we know that this is a command, and that it is a singular subject; therefore, the subject is being directly addressed, so we must use the vocative case. The correct vocative for nouns ending in -ius is a simple -i, which is not to be confused with nouns that end in -us which take -e as the vocative ending. 

Example Question #21 : Sat Subject Test In Latin

Choose the correct answer from the choices below

 __________, veni in villam!

Possible Answers:

Julio

Julie

Julium

Julius

Juli

Correct answer:

Juli

Explanation:

Both the comma after the first word, and the verb in imperative let us know that someone is being addressed directly. In latin, the vocative case is used. For men's names that end in -ius, -i is the marker for the vocative, meaning Juli is the correct answer.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors