SAT II Latin : Using vocative case in Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Cases

__________, veni in villam!

Possible Answers:

filies

filie

filius 

filii

filī

Correct answer:

filī

Explanation:

From the singular imperative veni and the exclamation mark, we know that this is a command, and that it is a singular subject; therefore, the subject is being directly addressed, so we must use the vocative case. The correct vocative for nouns ending in -ius is a simple -i, which is not to be confused with nouns that end in -us which take -e as the vocative ending. 

Example Question #1 : Using Vocative Case In Latin

Choose the correct answer from the choices below

 __________, veni in villam!

Possible Answers:

Juli

Julium

Julie

Julio

Julius

Correct answer:

Juli

Explanation:

Both the comma after the first word, and the verb in imperative let us know that someone is being addressed directly. In latin, the vocative case is used. For men's names that end in -ius, -i is the marker for the vocative, meaning Juli is the correct answer.

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