SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Synonyms: Roots

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #31 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

IMPUGN

Possible Answers:

Lurk

Consider

Attack

Excel

Rent

Correct answer:

Attack

Explanation:

To "impugn" is to attack someone either verbally or physically. It also means to challenge someone's statements as false. The Latin root word, "pugnare," means to fight.

Example Question #32 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

AMBIGUOUS

Possible Answers:

Pristine

Ambidextrous

Undeniable

Indubitable

Unclear

Correct answer:

Unclear

Explanation:

If you don't recognize a word, it is almost always a good idea to try to use roots to figure out its meaning. You can break the word ambiguous into its component parts fairly easily ("ambi" + "guous").  "Ambi-" is a pretty common prefix, so you should recognize it even if you don't know what the whole word means. It's even in one of the other answer choices:  "ambidextrous." The prefix "ambi-" has to do with something that goes in two directions at once. "Ambidextrous," for instance, means able to use both hands to do tasks (e.g. to write). "Ambiguous" means unclear, or having an unclear or undecidable meaning—a meaning that is unclear because it is one among multiple possible meanings. The answer choices "pristine," "indubitable," and "undeniable" each have to do with either clearness or certainty, and we already know what ambidextrous means, so "unclear" is the only choice left.

Example Question #33 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

ELUCIDATE

Possible Answers:

Learn

Intelligent

Lucid

Clarify

Read

Correct answer:

Clarify

Explanation:

The word "elucidate" means to clarify or to explain. The best answer choice is "clarify," which means to make clear or to explain. The word "lucid", though related to the verb "elucidate", is not itself a verb. It is an adjective which means clear or easily understood.

Example Question #34 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SIMILITUDE

Possible Answers:

Felicity

Resemblance

Pleasantry

Bastion

Ardor

Correct answer:

Resemblance

Explanation:

"Similitude" is a noun derived from the Latin root "similis", meaning similar. "Resemblance" is a noun meaning the state of being alike, so it is a synonym for "similitude."

Example Question #35 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

FIDELITY

Possible Answers:

Loyalty

Inadequacy

Tint

Ministry

Ennui

Correct answer:

Loyalty

Explanation:

"Fidelity" is a noun derived from the Latin root fidelis meaning faithfulness. "Loyalty" is a noun meaning a strong feeling of allegiance or faithfulness, and is an appropriate synonym.

Example Question #1 : Synonyms: Roots From Greek

Synonyms: choose the word closest in meaning to the word in question.

UNORTHODOX

Possible Answers:

Pedestrian

Putrid

Ordinary

Strange

Malevolent

Correct answer:

Strange

Explanation:

"Unorthodox" means unusual or strange or not traditional, so "strange" is the correct answer.

Example Question #36 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters.

SAVANT

Possible Answers:

Mirage

Accumulation

Irony

Epicure

Scholar

Correct answer:

Scholar

Explanation:

A "savant" is a person of extensive learning, so the best choice is the word "scholar." "Savant" is derived from the French word "savoir," which means to know.

Example Question #37 : Synonyms: Roots

Select the answer choice that is closest in meaning to the word in capital letters. 

AFOREMENTIONED

Possible Answers:

Aforethought

Afore

Afoot

Afoul

Aforesaid

Correct answer:

Aforesaid

Explanation:

These words all share an anglo-saxon root "afore-." The only two words with closely related meanings are "aforesaid" and "aforementioned," which refer to something that has previously come up in conversation. The other words are not synonymous with "aforementioned."

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