AP World History : Political Protest, Reforms, and Revolution 1450 to 1750

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1141 : Ap World History

Who reigned in England in the middle of the seventeenth century, between Charles I and Charles II?

Possible Answers:

Thomas Cranmer

Oliver Cromwell

The Duke of Essex

Thomas More

William of Orange

Correct answer:

Oliver Cromwell

Explanation:

Oliver Cromwell was a Puritan and a military leader of the Parliamentarian forces during the English Civil War. Following victory in the civil war, Cromwell became Lord Protector (de facto dictator) of Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Cromwell’s reign was quite unpopular as he instituted a number of puritanical policies (like the prohibition of alcohol and gambling), which were not welcomed by the English public. Cromwell’s reign is also marked by a series of atrocities committed against the native population of Ireland.

Example Question #21 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution

Laws requiring Russian men to shave their beards were examples of __________.

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin’s paranoia and distrust of his population

Peter the Great’s westernizing efforts

Ivan III’s movement towards Russification

Ivan the Terrible’s cruelty and authoritarianism

Catherine the Great’s enlightened despotism

Correct answer:

Peter the Great’s westernizing efforts

Explanation:

Peter the Great was a Russian Tsar from 1682 until 1725. He is one of the most celebrated rulers in Russian history. His achievements included vast territorial expansion and the establishment of the port city of St. Petersburg. He was also determined to modernize and westernize Russian society and spent a great deal of time traveling Western Europe and studying European society. One of his more famous laws required Russian men to shave their beards so that they would more closely resemble their European counterparts. Peter the Great is widely credited with integrating Russia more closely into the fabric of European society.

Example Question #1143 : Ap World History

What is act of defenestration?

Possible Answers:

The action of throwing someone or something out of a window

Self-harming to atone for sins

The clearing out of forests on a massive scale for economic or agricultural use

An institutional act of religious censorship

A movement within working class English to destroy machinery

Correct answer:

The action of throwing someone or something out of a window

Explanation:

Coined by the incident in 1618 Prague that sparked the Thirty Years War, defenestration is the act of throwing someone out of a window. The Catholic ruling power of Bohemia allowed religious freedom to its largely Protestant inhabitants after the 1609 issuing of the Letter of Majesty. After his ascension to the throne of Bohemia in 1617, Ferdinand II ordered the cancelation of Protestant churches under construction. Catholic representatives of the crown met with local Protestant estate owners at a local meeting hall in Prague, to deliver them with the King's order. When the Protestant demanded an immediate reply of the Catholics' superiors, they denied. The irate Protestants then threw them out of the three story window.

Example Question #11 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1450 To 1750

Which European Empire reached the height of its expansion in 1658?

Possible Answers:

Spanish Empire

Ottoman Empire

Swedish Empire

France

England

Correct answer:

Swedish Empire

Explanation:

The Swedish Empire reached its peak in 1658 reigning over modern day Sweden, Estonia, Finland and parts of Norway. Through King Adolphus superior military leadership funded by an efficient government Sweden became the largest nation in Europe behind Russian and Spain. Years of military dominance birthed a coalition of anti-Sweden forces led by Russia known as the Great Northern War (1701-1721), which stripped Sweden of its formerly conquered territories. 

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