SSAT Upper Level Verbal : Gendered Terminology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SSAT Upper Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Gendered Terminology

Complete this analogy.

King is to queen as __________.

Possible Answers:

lion is to lioness

fog is to weather

waitress is to waiter

donut is to sprinkles

leaf is to green

Correct answer:

lion is to lioness

Explanation:

"King" is the name for a male royal ruler, and "queen" is the name for a female royal ruler. So, we need to find another set of words where the first word refers to a male of something and the second to a female of that same thing. While "waitress is to waiter" may look like a good answer choice, it is not correct, because the words are in the opposite order; whereas "king is to queen" goes male is to female, "waitress is to waiter" goes female is to male. Since "lion" refers to a male cat of that species and "lioness" a female one, and "lion is to lioness" follows the pattern male is to female, "lion is to lioness" is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Gendered Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Governor is to man as __________ is to woman.

Possible Answers:

suffragette

matron

nurse

philanthropist

magnate

Correct answer:

matron

Explanation:

To solve this problem you have to determine which of these answer choices is often used as a female equivalent of "governor." The correct answer is "matron" which means governess, woman in charge of the maintenance of something. Additionally, "philanthropist" means person who gives to charity; a "suffragette" was a woman who campaigned for the right to vote (for the right to 'suffrage'); a "magnate" is a tycoon, a successful person in business.

Example Question #3 : Gendered Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Bachelor is to man as __________ is to woman.

Possible Answers:

matron

spinster

damsel

duchess

baroness

Correct answer:

spinster

Explanation:

A "bachelor" is an unmarried man, likely to be single for a long time. So, to solve this analogy you need to determine which of these matches this same definition for a woman. The correct answer is a "spinster," although it is worth noting that in contemporary society the term "spinster" (and for that matter "bachelor") can carry negative connotations. Additionally, a "matron" is a female governor; a "damsel" is a female character in a story, usually young and beautiful, who needs to be rescued by the male protagonist; "baroness" and "duchess" are both words for different types of female members of the aristocracy.

Example Question #4 : Gendered Terminology

Complete this analogy.

Curmudgeon is to man as __________ is to woman.

Possible Answers:

matron 

prognosticator

termagant

ancestor

governess

Correct answer:

termagant

Explanation:

A "curmudgeon" is a grumpy or bad-tempered person. However, it is generally used almost exclusively to describe old men. Some adjectives and nouns have gendered connotations, such as "dashing" for a man or "beautiful" for a woman. To solve this analogy you need to determine which of these words might be used to describe a "female curmudgeon." The correct answer is "termagant" which means a mean-spirited or angry woman. Additionally, an "ancestor" is a family member who came before you; a "matron" is a governess, a woman in charge of domestic life for another family; a "prognosticator" is someone who predicts the future.

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