ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in Phrase-Based Sentence Completions

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #101 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

He swims like a fish __________.

Possible Answers:

drowning in the shallow end

because he hates the water

outside of the water

skillfully gliding through the water

although he looks like a fish too

Correct answer:

skillfully gliding through the water

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to figure out which of these answer choices makes sense as information to follow the author's statement that the subject "swims like a fish." Someone, who swims very well could be said to be " . . . skillfully gliding through the water" so this is the correct answer. "Skillfully" means done with skill and "gliding" means moving smoothly through something. Many of the incorrect answers contain illogical conjunctions or else suggest that the subject is not actually a good swimmer, which does not make sense within this context.

Example Question #102 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

I am trying to find a place to live, but __________.

Possible Answers:

I am very intelligent

I have too much money to spend

it is looking positive

I have succeeded

it is difficult

Correct answer:

it is difficult

Explanation:

The use of the conjunction "but" suggests that whatever the speaker is trying to do they are not succeeding. So, they are trying to find a new place to live, but " . . . it is difficult." All the other answer choices are either nonsensical or are positive and inappropriate for the conjunction "but."

Example Question #103 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

I enjoy music very much and __________.

Possible Answers:

I cannot afford to go dancing

my mother does not let me

I am scared of dancing

I love to dance

there are eight people present

Correct answer:

I love to dance

Explanation:

All of these answer choices would fit better with the conjunction "but" except the correct answer which is " . . . I love to dance." The conjunction "and" is used to mean a continuation of the same idea; the conjunction "but" is used to suggest a change in the main idea of a sentence.

Example Question #104 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

I do not want a burger __________.

Possible Answers:

provided that burgers are gross

nor do I want any fries

altogether I want some fries

even though burgers are gross

or do I want any fries

Correct answer:

nor do I want any fries

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to determine which of these conjunctions makes most sense within the context of this sentence. The only conjunction that makes sense is "nor." You use the word "nor" when you have a list of multiple negative things. Like, for example "On a sunny day it is not raining nor is it snowing." All of the other conjunctions make the sentence either illogical or nonsensical.

Example Question #105 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

He is moving in with me and __________.

Possible Answers:

I am not ready

my daughter is unhappy about it

he refuses to pay rent

he hasn't sold his old place

bringing all his stuff

Correct answer:

bringing all his stuff

Explanation:

All of these answer choices would fit better with the conjunction "but" except the correct answer which is " . . . bringing all his stuff." The conjunction "and" is used to continue an idea and the conjunction "but" is used to change the nature of an idea.

Example Question #106 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

I cannot afford a new car, __________.

Possible Answers:

unless I get a better job

because I am wealthy

rather than buy an old one

since they are inexpensive

whomever wishes to buy one

Correct answer:

unless I get a better job

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to figure out which conjunction fits most logically within the context of the sentence. The correct answer is " . . . unless I get a better job." The other answer choices are either nonsensical or else illogical within the context of not being able to afford a new car. "Unless" means something like except if this happens. To give another example "I cannot eat unless I have food." Additionally, "inexpensive" means not expensive, cheap.

Example Question #107 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

__________ I am twenty-five I would like to be living in New York City.

Possible Answers:

By the time

Rather than

Even if

Altogether

Although

Correct answer:

By the time

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to determine which of these conjunctions makes sense logically in the context of this sentence. "By the time . . . " makes by far the most sense. The speaker is saying that they would like to live in New York City, at the latest, when they are twenty-five.

Example Question #108 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

Even if I pass my exams, __________.

Possible Answers:

I'll be living around the corner

I will graduate from college

my parents will be very proud of me

my teacher still might fail me

my friends will also pass theirs

Correct answer:

my teacher still might fail me

Explanation:

The use of the conjunction "even if" implies something conditional. This means that the speaker needs to accomplish something to get something else, but that might still not be enough. So, the correct answer must be something negative or worrying. The correct answer is therefore " . . . my teacher might still fail me." None of the other answer choices can be right because they are either nonsensical or describe a positive situation. The conjunction "even if" is complicated to understand and even harder to explain (the simplest words are sometimes the hardest to define) so let us look at another couple of examples: "Even if I eat lots of food I never feel full" and "Even if it is dark outside someone with good eyesight can still see."

Example Question #109 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

I have always believed in Santa Claus, but __________.

Possible Answers:

he visits me personally every year

I can prove he exists

I believe in other things too

my mother and father agree

I suppose I could be wrong

Correct answer:

I suppose I could be wrong

Explanation:

All of these answer choices would fit better with the conjunction "and" except the correct answer " . . . I suppose I could be wrong." The use of the conjunction "but" means that the information contained in the second part of the sentence will be different or opposite in meaning to the information contained in the first part of the sentence. So, the speaker is essentially saying "I believe this, but I could be wrong." The other answer choices are more like "I believe this and this is why."

Example Question #110 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

It has been a long time __________.

Possible Answers:

altogether I am younger

and I have gotten younger

since I last saw her

before I can see her

unless I still see her

Correct answer:

since I last saw her

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to focus on tense (whether it is in the past, present, or future) and the conjunctions being used. The speaker is talking about how it's been a long time. When talking about the period in between the past and the present we can use the conjunction "since." So, to provide another example, "It has been years since I went to a party with a clown." 

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