ISEE Lower Level Verbal : Conjunctions and Sentence Logic in Phrase-Based Sentence Completions

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ISEE Lower Level Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #2002 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

It is not often I eat in a cafe, but __________.

Possible Answers:

today I will make an exception

I am not impressed by the big city

altogether that seems wise

I can't stand the food

I never will

Correct answer:

today I will make an exception

Explanation:

The use of the conjunction "but" suggests that even though the author does not usually do something, today he will do differently. This is because the conjunction "but" changes the meaning of a sentence to something opposite or surprising. So, the correct answer is " . . . today I will make an exception." An "exception" is something left out of a rule or general practice. The other answer choices are either completely nonsensical or else would be better suited to the conjunction "and" which continues the same meaning in a sentence.

Example Question #2003 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

__________ so they hired me.

Possible Answers:

I am very hostile and annoying

The manager quit

I have little experience

I left my belongings at home

My friends find me hard work

Correct answer:

The manager quit

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to figure out what might logically happen before someone "hires" (gives a job to) the speaker. The correct answer is therefore "The manager quit . . . " because this would give someone a reason to hire the speaker. All the other answer choices do not logically make sense within the context of the sentence. Additionally, "belongings" are possessions, things that are owned; "hostile" means aggressive

Example Question #2004 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

__________, she is still very generous with money.

Possible Answers:

Despite being pious

Although she is very poor

Although she has a great education

Because she has lots of money

Because she is very poor

Correct answer:

Although she is very poor

Explanation:

The use of the word "still" suggests that the subject might not be expected to be "generous" (giving) with her money. This matches with the conjunction "although." So, the correct answer is "Although she is very poor . . . " "Although" means something like even though, in spite of. "Although" is a very hard word to define so let us look at another two examples - "Although I am hungry, I refuse to eat" and "Although I know he loves me, I can't remember the last time he showed it." Additionally, "pious" means devout, holy, devoted to religion.

Example Question #2005 : Isee Lower Level (Grades 5 6) Verbal Reasoning

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

__________ after the outbreak of war.

Possible Answers:

They enjoyed peacetime

He joined the army

Their was no need for weapons

My father returned home safely

I ate lunch outside without fear

Correct answer:

He joined the army

Explanation:

To begin with "outbreak" means the sudden beginning of something. So, war suddenly began, which of these answer choices is related to this context? The correct answer is "He joined the army . . . " The other answer choices either don't relate to war or suggest the end of a war.

Example Question #95 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

__________ so she could think clearly.

Possible Answers:

She dulled the pain

She asked for more work

She allowed herself to be reprimanded

She stressed herself out

She went to a crowded room

Correct answer:

She dulled the pain

Explanation:

To solve this problem you need to figure out which of these actions is something some might do to help themselves to think more clearly. If someone was in pain they might not be able to think clearly, so the correct answer is "She dulled the pain . . . " "Dulled" means lessened, reduced, made less intense. All the other answer choices refer to things that would most likely make it more difficult for someone to think clearly. Additionally, "crowded" means packed, full of people; "reprimanded" means yelled at, scolded, punished.

Example Question #91 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

I have never seem someone so talented; __________.

Possible Answers:

she seems born for this

she seems likely to fail

she is fortunate to be here

she seems out of her depth

and she is the first person I have ever seen

Correct answer:

she seems born for this

Explanation:

The use of the semi-colon tells you that the information contained in the second half of the sentence must support the information in the first half of the sentence. If the speaker has never seem someone so talented, it makes sense that she would be born to it. This means something like "she has a natural talent" for it. The other answer choices are either nonsensical or else describe someone who does not seem very talented. Additionally, "fortunate" means lucky; "talented" means skilled at.

Example Question #92 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

He spends like a miser, yet __________.

Possible Answers:

he works from home

he argues with his assistant

he makes many charitable donations

he has so much money

he is never generous

Correct answer:

he has so much money

Explanation:

The use of the conjunction "yet" suggests that the information in the second part of the sentence will somehow contradict the information in the first part of the sentence. A "miser" is someone who is not generous with money, someone who is stingy. So, the correct answer is " . . . he has so much money" because this reflects the contradiction implied by "yet." All the other answer choices would either be better suited to the conjunction "and" or else are completely unrelated. Additionally, "generous" means giving; a "donation" is something given (to charity).

Example Question #93 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

We have contrasting styles as a result of __________

Possible Answers:

our undeniable likeness

the similarities in our upbringing

the differences in our training

the efforts of my uncle

our mental acuity

Correct answer:

the differences in our training

Explanation:

To solve this problem you first need to know that to "contrast" means to differ from. A "contrast" is a difference. So, to solve this problem you need to look for the answer choice that relates to some difference between the two. The correct answer is therefore " . . . the differences in our training." The other answer choices either express a reason for a similarity or else are nonsensical. Additionally, "likeness" means similarity, something in common; "upbringing" is the teaching and care received as a child; "acuity" means sharpness, intelligence; "undeniable" means unable to be denied

Example Question #94 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

The sack of the city __________.

Possible Answers:

improved education

brought with it immediate peace

enriched the inhabitants

was completely tranquil

led to many deaths

Correct answer:

led to many deaths

Explanation:

To solve this problem you first need to know that a "sack" is the complete destruction of a city by an army. So, naturally, such an event would have " . . . led to many deaths." The other answer choices do not make sense in this context. Additionally, "improved" means made better; "tranquil" means calm; "immediate" means happening right away, happening without delay; "inhabitants" are people who live somewhere; "enriched" means made richer.

Example Question #95 : Conjunctions And Sentence Logic In Phrase Based Sentence Completions

Sentence completion: Select the word or phrase that best completes the following sentence.

The clouds parted and __________

Possible Answers:

blocked out the sun

it started to rain

the sun shone through

I put on my jacket

made everything darker

Correct answer:

the sun shone through

Explanation:

To solve this problem you first need to know that "parted" means separated, went different ways. So, if the clouds moved apart which of these answer choices would be the most likely result? The correct answer is " . . . the sun shone through." The other answer choices all suggest things that might happen if there were more clouds in the sky.

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