High School Math : Number Theory

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for High School Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Number Theory

Without using a calculator, which of the following is the best estimate for ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

We know that and .

Because 90 falls is approximately halfway between 81 and 100, the square root of 90 is approximately halfway between 9 and 10, or 9.5.

Example Question #2 : Number Theory

Place in order from smallest to largest:

Possible Answers:

 

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To place in order, first we must find a common denominator and convert all fractions to that denominator.

have a common denominator of .

have a common denominator of .

have a common denominator of .

Therefore we can use common denominators to make all of the fractions look similar.  Then the ordering becomes trivial.

Example Question #3 : Number Theory

What number is of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

For percent problems there are verbal cues:

"IS" means equals and "OF" means multiplication.

Then the equation to solve becomes:

Example Question #4 : Number Theory

Which of the following is NOT a real number? 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

We are looking for a number that is not real. 

, and  are irrational numbers, but they are still real. 

 

Then,  is equivalent to  by the rules of complex numbers. Thus, it is also real. 

That leaves us with:  which in fact is imaginary (since no real number multiplied by itself yields a negative number) and simplifies to 

Example Question #1 : Understanding Real Numbers

Which of the following are considered real numbers? 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Real numbers can be found anywhere on a continuous number line ranging from negative infinity to positive infinity; therefore, all of the numbers are real numbers. 

Example Question #5 : Number Theory

If a card is drawn randomly from a regular shuffled 52 card deck, what is the probability that the card is either a spade or a 3?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

How many cards in the deck are either a spade or a 3?

There are thirteen spades, including a 3 of spades.

There are four 3's, including a 3 of spades. 

Since we are counting the same card (3 of spades) twice, there are actually

 

distinct cards that fit the criteria of being either a spade or a 3.

Since any of the 52 cards is equally likely to be drawn, the probability that it is a spade or a 3, is

Example Question #1 : Number Theory

Find the distance between  and  on a number line.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To find the distance on a number line:

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