GED Social Studies : Cold War

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

The Cold War was primarily a conflict between __________

Possible Answers:

the East and the West.

fascism and capitalism.

Europe and America.

democracy and socialism.

capitalism and communism.

Correct answer:

capitalism and communism.

Explanation:

The Cold War, which waged from the end of the Second World War until the fall of the Soviet Union, was primarily a conflict between capitalism and communism. It was essentially a conflict to see which economic system would become dominant in the world following the Second World War. The terms "democracy" and "socialism" are the two political systems that usually match with the economic systems of capitalism and communism, although it is possible to have a society that is both democratic and communist.

Example Question #1 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

Who was the first leader of communist China?

Possible Answers:

Deng Xiaoping.

Ye Jianying.

Mao Zedong.

Li Xiannian.

Pol Pot.

Correct answer:

Mao Zedong.

Explanation:

The first leader of Communist China was Mao Zedong. Mao was the founder of the Chinese Communist Party and the first ruler of the People’s Republic of China, which he governed from 1949 until 1976—when he died. Mao is notable for his role in the Chinese Civil War, leading the attack against the nationalists led by Chiang Kai-Shek. He is also notable for committing numerous atrocities, such as the Cultural Revolution, and for instituting the Great Leap Forward, designed to modernize the Chinese economy and solidify the hold of communism.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

Perestroika is the name given to __________

Possible Answers:

Josef Stalin’s attempts to improve the Soviet economy.

Leon Trotsky’s vision for a true communist society.

Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans to restructure the Soviet economy.

America’s policy of investing heavily in the space race following the Sputnik Crisis.

the declining influence of the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s.

Correct answer:

Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans to restructure the Soviet economy.

Explanation:

Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, ushered the country out of the Cold War and into an era of reforms and diminishing influence. His two major reforms are referred to as Glasnost and Perestroika. Glasnost was Gorbachev’s attempts to allow for greater political freedom; Perestroika was his attempt to restructure the soviet economy.

Example Question #2 : Cold War

Joseph McCarthy famously __________

Possible Answers:

led American forces to a catastrophic defeat in Vietnam.

proposed a plan to rebuild the economies of Europe in the aftermath of World War Two.

led the crusade against prominent American communists.

ran for President on the platform of nuclear disarmament.

undermined the Civil Rights movement with a series of Supreme Court rulings.

Correct answer:

led the crusade against prominent American communists.

Explanation:

Joseph McCarthy was a United States senator in the late 1940s and early 1950s who famously led the crusade against prominent American communists. This period of American history is often referred to as The Red Scare, and the policy of attacking any known or suspected communists in Congress is called McCarthyism.

Example Question #5 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

The Nationalist Party in China was led by __________

Possible Answers:

Deng Xiaoping

Mao Zedong.

Emperor Hirohito.

Chiang Kai-Shek.

Pol Pot.

Correct answer:

Chiang Kai-Shek.

Explanation:

The Nationalist Party was led by Chiang Kai-Shek. During the Chinese Civil War the Nationalists faced off against the Communists, led by Mao Zedong. The Nationalists were eventually defeated and set up government in Taiwan.

Example Question #1 : Nato

Which of these countries is not a member of NATO?

Possible Answers:

United States.

Turkey.

Britain.

Canada.

Russia.

Correct answer:

Russia.

Explanation:

NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) emerged after the end of the Second World War as the primarily alliance of the capitalist world during the Cold War. It was opposed by the Warsaw Pact, which was signed by the various communist nations of Europe and the Soviet Union. The current state of Russia remains excluded from NATO.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

The idea that two antagonistic countries possessing nuclear weapons actually lowers the probability of an outbreak of war is called __________.

Possible Answers:

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Warsaw Pact

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Mutually Assured Destruction

Nuclear Non-Aggression Pact

Correct answer:

Mutually Assured Destruction

Explanation:

Mutually Assured Destruction is the term used to describe the nuclear relationship between the United States of America and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Essentially it suggests that because both nations possess stocks of nuclear weapons, warfare is considerably less likely, because if one nation launches a nuclear attack on another nation it will result in the destruction of both nations. Nuclear Non-Proliferation refers to an agreement that no new nations will be allowed to access nuclear weaponry.

Example Question #3 : Nato

Which of these best summarizes the idea of disarmament?

Possible Answers:

An agreement between two or more nations to reduce their supply of weapons

The continuation of British political and legal traditions in the American republic

A piece of legislation designed to provide for greater religious toleration

A policy designed to favor one social, ethnic, or religious group over another

The increased spending on the military that has occurred at various times throughout American history

Correct answer:

An agreement between two or more nations to reduce their supply of weapons

Explanation:

Disarmament is the term used to describe an agreement between two or more nations to downgrade their stockpile of weapons. Particularly, it is used to describe agreements between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

In exchange for the Soviet Union removing its missiles from Cuba, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States was forced to remove missiles from __________.

Possible Answers:

Czechoslovakia

Poland

East Germany

China

Turkey

Correct answer:

Turkey

Explanation:

In exchange for the Soviet Union removing its missiles from Cuba, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States removed its missiles from Turkey. Its possible you did not know this information, but you should have been able to make a reasonable guess based on the answer choices available. Turkey was a major ally of the United States and Western Europe during the Cold War and was a member of NATO, whereas East Germany, China, Poland, and Czechoslovakia were all countries under either the direct control of the Soviet Union or, in the case of China, under a communist government.

Example Question #1 : Cold War

The Truman Doctrine stated that __________

Possible Answers:

the President had the sole power to use the power of the atomic bomb in a state of war.

The United States would not interfere in the affairs of foreign nations.

The United States had the right to expand across the whole of the North American continent.

The United States would provide economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

The United States would support England in any conflict with Germany or Italy.

Correct answer:

The United States would provide economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

Explanation:

The Truman Doctrine was issued at the beginning of the Cold War by President Harry Truman. It stated that the United States would provide economic and military aid to any nation that was threatened by the internal or external spread of communism. The country that benefited most from the aid offered by the Truman Doctrine was Greece.

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