GED Social Studies : Civil War

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Civil War

The Wilmot Proviso __________.

Possible Answers:

provided funding to help African Americans attend higher education in the twentieth century  

was supported heavily in the South, but could not pass Congress due to Northern opposition

succeeded in establishing the policy of popular sovereignty regarding the extension of slavery into new territories

tried to ban the extension of slavery into any territory acquired in the Mexican-American War

provided relief and economic assistance to freed slaves in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War

Correct answer:

tried to ban the extension of slavery into any territory acquired in the Mexican-American War

Explanation:

The Wilmot Proviso was first proposed in 1847 as a provision on a larger bill. It was an attempt at banning the extension of slavery into any territories acquired from the Mexican-American War; however, it was blocked in Congress by Southern opposition in the Senate. It is considered a major moment in the attempts to unify the disparate economies and social systems of the North and South by compromising on the issue of slavery prior to the Civil War.

Example Question #2 : Civil War

Who was the commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War?

Possible Answers:

William Tecumseh Sherman

Ulysses S. Grant

Jefferson Davis

Stonewall Jackson

Robert E. Lee

Correct answer:

Robert E. Lee

Explanation:

Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman were generals in the Union Army. Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War. The leadership of the Confederate army was considered one of the strengths of the South during the Civil War.

Example Question #1 : Slavery

The system of routes and safe houses used by slaves escaping from the South to the North was called the __________.

Possible Answers:

Underground Railroad

Highway to Heaven

The Cotton Road

Emancipation Station

Escape to Liberty

Correct answer:

Underground Railroad

Explanation:

The Underground Railroad is a metaphor for a system of known routes and safe houses used by slaves escaping from the South to the North. The Railroad was used by several tens of thousands of escaped slaves in the years immediately before and during the Civil War.

Example Question #1 : Union And Confederacy

The American Civil War took place during the __________

Possible Answers:

1880s.

1820s.

1860s.

1890s.

1850s.

Correct answer:

1860s.

Explanation:

The American Civil War took place from 1861 to 1865. The war broke out between the North and the South over a series of issues. Popular history tends to remember the issue of slavery as being the most important, but the primary reason why the South seceded from the Union was that they no longer felt they could be adequately represented in government. The population of the North at the time was almost three times as large as the South, and the economic and industrial interests of the country were all rooted in the North.

Example Question #211 : Ged Social Studies

The American Civil War ended in __________.

Possible Answers:

1850

1863

1851

1865

1861

Correct answer:

1865

Explanation:

The American Civil War was fought from 1861 until 1865, between the Union (North) and the Confederacy (South). The primary reason for the outbreak of conflict was that the South no longer felt that it had any say in the running of the national government; they felt marginalized and that their economic interests (particularly the institution of slavery) were under threat. The war ended with a Union victory and the maintenance of the United States of America as one whole country. 

Example Question #1 : Civil War

Jim Crow Laws were designed to __________

Possible Answers:

help ease returning veterans back into American society after World War Two.

improve the condition of poor black families’ living standards during the early twentieth century.

provide funding for affirmative action programs during and after the Civil Rights Era.

prevent women from voting or holding office prior to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.

enforce segregation of whites and blacks in the Reconstruction-era South.

Correct answer:

enforce segregation of whites and blacks in the Reconstruction-era South.

Explanation:

Jim Crow Laws were designed to enforce racial segregation of whites and blacks in the Reconstruction-era South. They were also designed to try and prevent blacks from voting or from achieving social mobility. Most of the Jim Crow Laws were in effect for much of the second half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century.

Example Question #7 : Civil War

The Reconstruction period of American history occurred __________

Possible Answers:

after the end of the War of 1812.

after the end of World War One.

during and immediately after the Great Depression.

during the Cold War.

in the decades after the Civil War.

Correct answer:

in the decades after the Civil War.

Explanation:

The Reconstruction period of American history occurred in the decades after the Civil War. It is named after the attempts by the United States government not only to reconstruct the internal infrastructure and industry of the nation, but also to "reconstruct" the feeling of unity and solidarity between the North and the South. It is a period of time marked by existing intense sectionalism and racial segregation.

Example Question #1 : Reconstruction Policies

Whose Presidential veto overturned the Wade-Davis Bill?

Possible Answers:

Andrew Johnson's

Ulysses S. Grant's

Millard Fillmore's

Abraham Lincoln's

Andrew Jackson's

Correct answer:

Abraham Lincoln's

Explanation:

The Wade-Davis Bill was proposed by radical Republicans in 1864, when it was becoming clear that the Confederacy was going to lose the Civil War. The Wade-Davis Bill represented an attempt to make it more difficult, and more humiliating, for the states of former Confederate politicians to reintegrate themselves into the Union. The Bill was opposed by Abraham Lincoln, who favored a ten-percent plan, which required only ten-percent of those who had voted in 1860 to swear allegiance to the Union government. Lincoln felt that the Wade-Davis Bill would hinder the development of positive relationships between the North and South and so employed his veto.

Example Question #9 : Civil War

Following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson became President of the United States. What was the nature of his relationship with the radical Republicans in Congress?

Possible Answers:

Positive; the radical Republicans favored the President’s policy of punishing the Confederacy and making reintegration humiliating.

Positive; the radical Republicans favored the President’s policy of punishing the Confederacy and making reintegration humiliating.

Neutral; the radical Republicans worked with the President on some occasions, but there was little enthusiastic support.

Neutral; the radical Republicans worked with the President on some occasions, but there was little enthusiastic support.

Positive; the radical Republicans helped the President integrate the former Confederacy smoothly.

Positive; the radical Republicans helped the President integrate the former Confederacy smoothly.

Negative; the radical Republicans favored maintaining a strong army and spending a large amount of the budget on arms and soldiers.

Negative; the radical Republicans disagreed on how easily to reintegrate the South into the Union.

Correct answer:

Negative; the radical Republicans disagreed on how easily to reintegrate the South into the Union.

Explanation:

Given that Andrew Johnson was the first President to be impeached (his trial famously failed to convict in the Senate by one vote) and that radical Republicans controlled the House after the Civil War, it is obvious that their relationship would have been negative. The radical Republicans wanted harsh terms imposed on the former Confederate states, whereas Johnson favored reintegrating smoothly and easily. The disagreement between the two groups led to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson in 1867.

Example Question #1 : Civil War

Which of these proposed bills attempted to enforce strict terms of reentrance into the Union on former Confederate states and politicians, but was vetoed by Abraham Lincoln?

Possible Answers:

The Ten-Percent Plan

The Wilmot Proviso

The Wade-Davis Bill

The Gadsden Purchase

The G.I. Bill

Correct answer:

The Wade-Davis Bill

Explanation:

The Wade-Davis Bill was proposed by two radical republicans in 1864 in an attempt to make readmittance into the Union very challenging and humiliating for former Confederates. Under the plan, the Union army would take control of enforcing the end of slavery, and any Confederate politician who wanted to reenter Union political life would have to swear both complete loyalty and that he or she had never been personally culpable for encouraging rebellion during the Civil War.

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