GED Social Studies : Separation of Powers

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Separation Of Powers

Which of these government positions is appointed rather than elected by the people?

Possible Answers:

President

None of these positions is appointed; they are all elected.

Representative

Senator

Supreme Court Justice

Correct answer:

Supreme Court Justice

Explanation:

The President and both Houses of Congress are elected by a vote of the people. Supreme Court Justices, however, are appointed by Presidents. The appointment has to be approved by the Senate.

Example Question #2 : Separation Of Powers

Which of the following is a power that the President of the United States may exercise as a check on the powers of Congress?

Possible Answers:

The President may call for the election of a new Congress.

The President may appoint members of Congress.

The President may rewrite Congressional legislation.

The President may fire members of Congress.

The President may veto a bill from Congress.

Correct answer:

The President may veto a bill from Congress.

Explanation:

Perhaps despite the wishes of many Presidents who have battled oppositional Congresses, the President is not provided with any power to alter the membership of Congress by appointing or firing members, nor can the President call for new elections. The President also must abide by the laws that the Congress passes. Article I Section 7 of the US Constitution does, however, grant the President the power to refuse to sign a bill from Congress or to outright veto it. This power allows the President some power to oppose legislation they find unacceptable, but Congress can override a veto. Overriding a veto requires much higher support (2/3 "super-majority") within Congress for the bill. 

Example Question #3 : Separation Of Powers

The primary role of the Legislative Branch in American government is to __________.

Possible Answers:

make laws

enforce laws

negotiate foreign treaties

interpret the Constitution

make amendments

Correct answer:

make laws

Explanation:

In the American government power is separated into three branches. The Legislative Branch makes laws, the Executive Branch carries out and enforces laws, and the Judicial Branch interprets whether or not laws violate the Constitution.

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