College Physics : Quantum Physics

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Quantum Physics

A laser outputs light of a single color with photon energy . A nonlinear crystal, which halves the wavelength of light, is placed in the path of the laser beam. What is the energy of the photons exiting the crystal?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Halving the wavelength is equivalent to doubling the frequency since for a light wave the wavelength and frequency are related by , where is the speed of light. The energy of a photon is , where is Planck's constant, so the photon energy is doubled.

Example Question #1 : Energy Quantization

A monochromatic light source is incident on a neutral density filter which decreases the light source's intensity by a factor of 3 but does not change its color. What happens to the energy of a photon in the less intense beam?

Possible Answers:

None of these

The photon energy decreases only slightly.

The photon energy increases by a factor of 3.

The photon energy decreases by a factor of 3.

The photon energy decreases by a factor of 9.

Correct answer:

None of these

Explanation:

The photon energy does not change since the color of light (and therefore the frequency of the light) does not change.

Example Question #11 : College Physics

A car with mass  is heading toward a wall at a speed . What is the approximate de Broglie wavelength of the car?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The de Broglie wavelength is given by .