AP World History : Religions 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #49 : Religions

Which of these groups were most likely to be attracted to Christianity in the Roman Empire?

Possible Answers:

The urban poor

All of these groups were likely to be attracted to Christianity

Slaves

Noncitizens

Women

Correct answer:

All of these groups were likely to be attracted to Christianity

Explanation:

One of the reasons that Christianity spread around the Roman Empire was because it was so popular among those who were powerless or disenfranchised in Roman society (which was the vast majority of the population). Christianity was rapidly embraced by non-citizens, slaves, the rural poor, the urban poor, and women.

Example Question #51 : Religions

Which of these statements about Siddhartha Gautama is inaccurate?

Possible Answers:

None of these statements are inaccurate

He founded Buddhism

He was born into wealth and nobility

He was determined to find an end to human suffering

He was a contemporary of Pericles

Correct answer:

None of these statements are inaccurate

Explanation:

Siddhartha Gautama is the founding figure of Buddhism. He lived in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, making him a contemporary of the famous Greek politician Pericles. He was born into wealth and nobility, which he promptly rejected and then subsequently dedicated his life to finding an end to human suffering.

Example Question #51 : Ap World History

Which of these best describes syncretism?

Possible Answers:

The idea that religion is primarily spread by military conquest

The process by which a language emerges to act as de facto lingua franca for a diverse group of people

The blending of elements from more than one religion

The spread of ideas along trading routes

None of these answers accurately describes syncretism

Correct answer:

The blending of elements from more than one religion

Explanation:

Syncretism is the name given to the blending of elements from more than one religion into a distinct system of worship. Examples include the blending of Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism in China during and after the Warring States period. Syncretism often created distinct religions (like the Cult of Saints in Latin America), by mixing longstanding and native elements of paganism with the tenets of a newly introduced major organized religion.

Example Question #31 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which religious council, attended by Emperor Constantine in 325 CE, established Christianity as a viable and structured religion under the Roman Empire, even allowing it concessions over Latin Paganism?

Possible Answers:

The Council of Constantinople

The First Council of Nicaea

The Quintisext Council

The Council of Trent

The Council of Ephesus

Correct answer:

The First Council of Nicaea

Explanation:

The First Council of Nicaea effectively ended the view of Christianity as foreign or harmful to the Roman Empire and allowed it to grow into a state-sanctioned religion, supported by a rigid structure of bishops ruling over diocese, much like the structure of Roman state designations.

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