AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, and Decolonization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #221 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The collapse of the British Empire began following what major global event?

Possible Answers:

The Revolutionary War

World War II

The Crimean Conflict

The Boer War

World War I

Correct answer:

World War I

Explanation:

Following World War I, anti-British sentiment began to grow in the colonies. Desire for self-rule and the frustration of having served a country while incurring massive casualties without thanks led colonies to rally for independence.

Example Question #222 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

What significant impacts came as a result of the Indian Independence Act of 1947?

Possible Answers:

It granted India sovereignty

None of these

It divided the former Ottoman Empire into the sovereign states of India and Burma

The act divided the former Mogul Empire into the two independent states of India and Pakistan

It abolished the country of Pakistan

Correct answer:

The act divided the former Mogul Empire into the two independent states of India and Pakistan

Explanation:

The Indian Independence Act of 1947 granted one of Britain's largest territories its sovereignty. In doing so, the plan also required the division of Pakistan and India based on religious customs. Violence came as a result of the division and the disagreement over boundaries. The Act also stripped the British of the title "Emperor of India."

Example Question #223 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

These two wars, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, reflected the emergence of Japan as an imperial power?

Possible Answers:

The Franco-Japanese War and the Anglo-Japanese War

The Crimean War and the Sino-Japanese War

The Russo-Japanese War and the Boxer Rebellion

The Crimean War and the Boxer Rebellion

The Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War

Correct answer:

The Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War

Explanation:

The Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) led to the emergence of Japan as an imperial power. But, it was Japan’s victory over Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) that announced to the world Japan’s status as a growing imperial power. For one thing it was the first time an Asian military had defeated a European power in war since the age of European colonialism had begun a few centuries earlier.

Example Question #224 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the modern official national boundaries of African countries?

Possible Answers:

Different from colonial era boundaries due to state collapse

None of these

Dramatically affected by conflicts between African countries

Different from colonial era boundaries and reshaped after independence

Similar to colonial era boundaries with some changes due to secession

Correct answer:

Similar to colonial era boundaries with some changes due to secession

Explanation:

The correct answer is that current national boundaries of countries on the African continent are largely the same as they were during the colonial era. A few boundaries have been redrawn when long secessionist conflicts were resolved with independent statehood (notably in South Sudan and Eritrea). Despite the collapse of some governments, as in Somalia, the officially recognized national boundaries have not changed a great deal since the colonial era.

Example Question #225 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

All of the following are causes of decolonization in Africa, except _________________.

Possible Answers:

None of these answers

the cost of maintaining colonial territories increased for European countries

world opinion shifted away from a pro-colonialist stance

social unrest in domestic politics of European countries

African independence movements grew stronger after World War II

Correct answer:

None of these answers

Explanation:

The correct answer is "none of these answers." The combination of changing political and economic conditions in European colonial powers, the increasing social and political resistance to colonialism in Africa, and a growing ideological distaste for colonial projects in the aftermath of World War II led to a wave of decolonization by the late 1950s and 1960s.

Example Question #226 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which African Nations remained independent from European rule?

Possible Answers:

Ghana, Chad, Congo, and Liberia

Ethiopia and Liberia

Ghana, Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, and Mauritania 

By 1914 all African nations were colonized.

Correct answer:

Ethiopia and Liberia

Explanation:

Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent despite European attempts to take control over them. This was in large part to the difficult terrain of the Ethiopian highlands, and the American protection of Liberia.

Example Question #227 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

What, if any, change did the British bring to Africa in terms of culture?

Possible Answers:

forced urbanization

mandated English as primary language

none

imposed entire British culture

Correct answer:

imposed entire British culture

Explanation:

Britain forced people in their colonies to adapt to British Culture in every way. They were told to live like British, talk like British, eat like British, dress like British, etc. The Europeans in general felt that their way was superior to the way of the Africans, and therefore the Africans should act like Europeans.

Example Question #228 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The election of __________ led to increased support for independence and home rule among the British population.

Possible Answers:

the U.K. Independence Party

the Conservative Party

the Labor Party

the Liberal Democrat Party

the Christian Union Party

Correct answer:

the Labor Party

Explanation:

The Labor Party of the United Kingdom rose to prominence in the 1910s and 1920s and has served ever since as the main opposition to the Conservative Party in British politics. The Labor Party formed its first majority government under Clement Attlee in 1946, in the immediate aftermath of World War Two. The Labor Party advanced issues like social welfare and support for the independence of overseas colonies, as well as home rule among the British population.

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