AP Art History : 2D Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #591 : 2 D Art

Los_horrores_de_la_guerra.jpg

 Which of the following is true about Peter Paul Rubens’ Allegory of the Outbreak of War?

Possible Answers:

It was commissioned by Ferdinando II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, to celebrate his bravado in war

It was painted to protest the Netherlands’ wars of independence from Spain

Venus is represented as a fury of war

It reflects Peter Paul Rubens’ limited travel experience and his insular focus on Flanders’ point of view in military conflicts

It expresses Rubens’ negative attitude towards war and was painted in protest of the Thirty Years War and other conflicts

Correct answer:

It expresses Rubens’ negative attitude towards war and was painted in protest of the Thirty Years War and other conflicts

Explanation:

Rubens derived great insight into European politics from his diplomatic missions, and never ceased to promote peace. He used Allegory of the Outbreak of War to express his horror at the Thirty Years War and promote his message of peace.

Example Question #592 : 2 D Art

Jean-Baptiste_Greuze_L'accordee_de_Village.jpg

Jean-Baptiste Greuze’s The Village Wife is demonstrative of which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Greuze’s tendency to paint controversial scenes that polarized his audiences

The newfound popularity of moral narratives through satire

The Neoclassical fascination with Italy and the popularity of the Grand Tour

The influence of the Enlightenment and its elevated spirit of rationality and scientific thought

The influence of Rousseau and the popularity of sentimental narratives in art, which idealized the peasant’s simple, natural, and honest life as the height of humanity

Correct answer:

The influence of Rousseau and the popularity of sentimental narratives in art, which idealized the peasant’s simple, natural, and honest life as the height of humanity

Explanation:

Greuze's Village Wife echoes Rousseau's writings, which placed emotions above reason as the most natural of human expressions. The painting's sentimental tone is characterized by the simplicity seen in the peasant's rustic, unadorned dwelling and its depiction of this happy climax to a rural romance. It promotes a moral message that happiness is the reward of natural virtue.

Example Question #591 : Ap Art History

Las meninas 01

The inclusion of a mirror on the back wall of the painting recalls which Early Netherlandish work of art?

Possible Answers:

Annunciation Triptych by the Workshop of Robert Campin

Adam and Eve by Albrecht Durer

The Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyck

The Descent from the Cross by Roger van der Weiden

Correct answer:

The Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyck

Explanation:

One of the most curious elements of Diego Velazquez' Las Meninas is the inclusion of a small mirror in the middle of the painting, on the back wall of the room, showing the King and Queen of Spain. This directly references a similar object in the Arnolfini Wedding Portrait, painted over two hundred years before Velazquez' creation of Las Meninas.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Las_Meninas,_by_Diego_Velázquez,_from_Prado_in_Google_Earth.jpg

Example Question #61 : Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century 2 D Art

Self portrait with saskia

The work shown here allowed the artist to ____________________.

Possible Answers:

show a domestic scene

keep images of himself

make quick money through a cheaper medium

practice techniques important to paintings he would later create

Correct answer:

practice techniques important to paintings he would later create

Explanation:

Etching such as this one, Self-Portrait with Saskia, served two functions for an artist like Rembrandt. While some would be sold at a much lower cost than large-scale paintings, they also allowed Rembrandt to practice techniques he utilized in paintings. Rembrandt made a large number of self-portraits throughout his career, each of which had different poses, but all showed his hallmarks such as  heightened contrast of light and dark elements and a revealing view of his subject, each of which are showed in this etching.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Self-portrait_with_Saskia.jpg

Example Question #595 : 2 D Art

Jacques louis david  le serment des horaces

Jacques-Louis David's The Oath of the Horatii, shown here, depicts a scene from _____________________.

Possible Answers:

then-contemporary military campaigns

an important moment in Christian scriptures

a well-known story of Roman history

everyday aspects of rural life

Correct answer:

a well-known story of Roman history

Explanation:

The Oath of the Horatii presents three brother from the Horatius clan making an oath to their father that they will fight three brothers from the rival city of Alba Longa. This story, in which only one brother survived, but the brothers' task of defeating their rivals was ultimately achieved, was quite popular as a Roman lesson about honor and patriotism. During the late eighteenth century, many intellectuals throughout Europe looked back to Classical sources for guidance, resulting in the philosophical movement known as the Enlightenment and the artistic style known as Neoclassicism.

Artwork from Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jacques-Louis_David,_Le_Serment_des_Horaces.jpg

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