5th Grade Science : Earth and Space Science

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for 5th Grade Science

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Earth And Space Science

Select the planet that is closest to the sun. 

Possible Answers:

Earth

Mercury 

Neptune

Venus

Correct answer:

Mercury 

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to recall the order of the planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. 

We can use a mnemonic device to help us remember this order. A common mnemonic device is: My Very Excellent Mom Just Served Us Noodles. The first letter of each word matches the first letter of each planet. You can come up with your own mnemonic device to help you remember the order of the planets! 

The diagram provided shows the order of the planets. We can see that Mercury is the closest planet from the sun; thus, Mercury is the correct answer. 

Solar system

Image adapted from public domain NASA image at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/images/ppj_hp_pluto.jpg.

Example Question #2 : Earth And Space Science

Select the planet that comes after Earth. 

Possible Answers:

Jupiter 

Mars

Venus

Mercury 

Correct answer:

Mercury 

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to recall the order of the planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. 

We can use a mnemonic device to help us remember this order. A common mnemonic device is: My Very Excellent Mom Just Served Us Noodles. The first letter of each word matches the first letter of each planet. You can come up with your own mnemonic device to help you remember the order of the planets! 

The diagram provided shows the order of the planets. We can see that Mars is comes after Earth; thus, Mars is the correct answer. 

Solar system

Image adapted from public domain NASA image at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/images/ppj_hp_pluto.jpg.

Example Question #3 : Earth And Space Science

Select the planet that is furthest away from the sun. 

Possible Answers:

Jupiter 

Neptune

Saturn 

Uranus 

Correct answer:

Neptune

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to recall the order of the planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. 

We can use a mnemonic device to help us remember this order. A common mnemonic device is: My Very Excellent Mom Just Served Us Noodles. The first letter of each word matches the first letter of each planet. You can come up with your own mnemonic device to help you remember the order of the planets! 

The diagram provided shows the order of the planets. We can see that Neptune is the furthest away planet from the sun; thus, Neptune is the correct answer. 

Solar system

Image adapted from public domain NASA image at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/images/ppj_hp_pluto.jpg.

Example Question #4 : Earth And Space Science

Select the planet that comes before Earth. 

Possible Answers:

Jupiter 

Mars

Venus 

Mercury 

Correct answer:

Venus 

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to recall the order of the planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. 

We can use a mnemonic device to help us remember this order. A common mnemonic device is: My Very Excellent Mom Just Served Us Noodles. The first letter of each word matches the first letter of each planet. You can come up with your own mnemonic device to help you remember the order of the planets! 

The diagram provided shows the order of the planets. We can see that Venus comes before Earth; thus, Venus is the correct answer. 

Solar system

Image adapted from public domain NASA image at http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/images/ppj_hp_pluto.jpg.

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