5th Grade Science : Describe ways the four spheres of Earth interact

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for 5th Grade Science

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

Which of the four Earth spheres are effected during and after a precipitation event?

Possible Answers:

the lithosphere, the biosphere

the hydrosphere

the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the lithosphere, the biosphere

the atmosphere, the biosphere

Correct answer:

the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the lithosphere, the biosphere

Explanation:

Most Earth events involve interaction between multiple spheres. For example, rain is the movement of water (the hydrosphere) from the atmosphere to the lithosphere where it collects in lakes, rivers, or streams. Water is an important resource for inhabitants of the biosphere.

The Lithosphere- contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

The Hydrosphere- contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. Water flows as precipitation from the atmosphere down to Earth's surface, as rivers and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater beneath Earth's surface. Most of Earth's freshwater, however, is frozen.

The Biosphere
- contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. 

Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical surroundings of an area. These communities are referred to as biomes. Deserts, grasslands, and tropical rainforests are three of the many types of biomes that exist within the biosphere.

The Atmosphere-contains all the air in Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

 

Example Question #2 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

Which of the following best describes how the biosphere interacts with the atmosphere and the hydrosphere?

Possible Answers:

all of these

Plants and animals in the biosphere require resources from the atmosphere and the hydrosphere to live. 

Natural disasters take place in the hydrosphere and destroys the habitats of plants and animals in the biosphere without any benefit.

The biosphere does not interact with the hydrosphere.

none of these

Correct answer:

Plants and animals in the biosphere require resources from the atmosphere and the hydrosphere to live. 

Explanation:

The Lithosphere- contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

The Hydrosphere- contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. Water flows as precipitation from the atmosphere down to Earth's surface, as rivers and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater beneath Earth's surface. Most of Earth's freshwater, however, is frozen.

The Biosphere
- contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. 

Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical surroundings of an area. These communities are referred to as biomes. Deserts, grasslands, and tropical rainforests are three of the many types of biomes that exist within the biosphere.

The Atmosphere-contains all the air in Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

Most Earth events involve interaction between multiple spheres. For example, rain is the movement of water (the hydrosphere) from the atmosphere to the lithosphere where it collects in lakes, rivers, or streams. Water is an important resource for inhabitants of the biosphere.

 

 

Example Question #3 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

Possible Answers:

none of these

water (hydrosphere) often flows through the soil (lithosphere)

rain (hydrosphere) falls from the sky (atmosphere) into a lake (hydrosphere) to be consumed by animals (biosphere)

all of these

 many birds (biosphere) fly through the air (atmosphere)

Correct answer:

none of these

Explanation:

The Lithosphere- contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

The Hydrosphere- contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. Water flows as precipitation from the atmosphere down to Earth's surface, as rivers and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater beneath Earth's surface. Most of Earth's freshwater, however, is frozen.

The Biosphere
- contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. 

Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical surroundings of an area. These communities are referred to as biomes. Deserts, grasslands, and tropical rainforests are three of the many types of biomes that exist within the biosphere.

The Atmosphere-contains all the air in Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

Most Earth events involve interaction between multiple spheres. For example, rain is the movement of water (the hydrosphere) from the atmosphere to the lithosphere where it collects in lakes, rivers, or streams. Water is an important resource for inhabitants of the biosphere.

Example Question #4 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

Possible Answers:

The four spheres of Earth are very closely connected. A change in one sphere often affects one or more others.

The hydrosphere and the biosphere are closely linked, but the atmosphere and the lithosphere are not.

The four spheres of Earth are strictly defined so they are not linked. No interactions take place between them.

The lithosphere, the atmosphere, and the hydrosphere are closely linked, but the biosphere is unrelated to the other three.

Correct answer:

The four spheres of Earth are very closely connected. A change in one sphere often affects one or more others.

Explanation:

The Lithosphere- contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

The Hydrosphere- contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. Water flows as precipitation from the atmosphere down to Earth's surface, as rivers and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater beneath Earth's surface. Most of Earth's freshwater, however, is frozen.

The Biosphere
- contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. 

Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical surroundings of an area. These communities are referred to as biomes. Deserts, grasslands, and tropical rainforests are three of the many types of biomes that exist within the biosphere.

The Atmosphere-contains all the air in Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

Most Earth events involve interaction between multiple spheres. For example, rain is the movement of water (the hydrosphere) from the atmosphere to the lithosphere where it collects in lakes, rivers, or streams. Water is an important resource for inhabitants of the biosphere.

 

 

Example Question #5 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

Which of the following answer choices is a component of both the hydrosphere and the atmosphere?

Possible Answers:

rain in the sky

water in the soil

carbon in the air

oxygen in a lake

Correct answer:

rain in the sky

Explanation:

The Lithosphere- contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

The Hydrosphere- contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. Water flows as precipitation from the atmosphere down to Earth's surface, as rivers and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater beneath Earth's surface. Most of Earth's freshwater, however, is frozen.

The Biosphere
- contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. 

Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical surroundings of an area. These communities are referred to as biomes. Deserts, grasslands, and tropical rainforests are three of the many types of biomes that exist within the biosphere.

The Atmosphere-contains all the air in Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

Most Earth events involve interaction between multiple spheres. For example, rain is the movement of water (the hydrosphere) from the atmosphere to the lithosphere where it collects in lakes, rivers, or streams. Water is an important resource for inhabitants of the biosphere.

Example Question #6 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

Within the boundary of the Earth is a collection of four interdependent parts called “spheres“:

Possible Answers:

the lithosphere, troposphere, biosphere, and microsphere.

the lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere.

the magnetosphere, hydrosphere, thermosphere, and atmosphere.

the heliosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and planisphere.

Correct answer:

the lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere.

Explanation:

The Lithosphere- contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

The Hydrosphere- contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. Water flows as precipitation from the atmosphere down to Earth's surface, as rivers and streams along Earth's surface, and as groundwater beneath Earth's surface. Most of Earth's freshwater, however, is frozen.

The Biosphere
- contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. 

Within the biosphere, living things form ecological communities based on the physical surroundings of an area. These communities are referred to as biomes. Deserts, grasslands, and tropical rainforests are three of the many types of biomes that exist within the biosphere.

The Atmosphere-contains all the air in Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

Most Earth events involve interaction between multiple spheres. For example, rain is the movement of water (the hydrosphere) from the atmosphere to the lithosphere where it collects in lakes, rivers, or streams. Water is an important resource for inhabitants of the biosphere.

Example Question #1 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

A change in one sphere can lead to a change in another. In the example below, what spheres are being affected?

Humans (__________) built a dam out of rock materials (__________).

Possible Answers:

biosphere; atmosphere

hydrosphere; lithosphere

biosphere; lithosphere

atmosphere; biosphere

Correct answer:

biosphere; lithosphere

Explanation:

There are four spheres that are all independent parts of a system. The spheres interact with each other and a change in one area can cause a change in another. Humans (biosphere) built a dam out of rock materials (lithosphere). The biosphere
 contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. The lithosphere contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

Example Question #8 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

A change in one sphere can lead to a change in another. In the example below, what spheres are being affected?

Water in the lake (___________) seeps into the cliff walls behind the dam, becoming groundwater (___________).

Possible Answers:

biosphere; atmosphere

hydrosphere; lithosphere

atmosphere; hydrosphere

lithosphere; biosphere

Correct answer:

hydrosphere; lithosphere

Explanation:

There are four spheres that are all independent parts of a system. The spheres interact with each other and a change in one area can cause a change in another. Water in the lake (hydrosphere) seeps into the cliff walls behind the dam, becoming groundwater (lithosphere). The hydrosphere contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms. The lithosphere contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth’s core.

Example Question #9 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

A change in one sphere can lead to a change in another. In the example below, what spheres are being affected?

Humans (________) harness energy from the water (________) by having it spin turbines (________) to produce electricity.

Possible Answers:

atmosphere; hydrosphere; lithosphere

lithosphere; biosphere; hydrosphere

hydrosphere; lithosphere; atmosphere

biosphere; hydrosphere; lithosphere

Correct answer:

biosphere; hydrosphere; lithosphere

Explanation:

Four spheres are all independent parts of a system. The spheres interact with each other, and a change in one area can cause a change in another. Humans (biosphere) harness energy from the water (hydrosphere) by having it spin turbines (lithosphere) to produce electricity. The lithosphere contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth's core. The biosphere
 contains all the planet's living things. This sphere includes all of the microorganisms, plants, and animals of Earth. The hydrosphere contains all the water of the planet, which exists in solid, liquid, and gas forms.

Example Question #10 : Describe Ways The Four Spheres Of Earth Interact

A change in one sphere can lead to a change in another. In the example below, what spheres are being affected?

Water seeps into the cliff walls behind the dam, becoming groundwater (________), or evaporating into the air (________).

Possible Answers:

biosphere; hydrosphere

hydrosphere; lithosphere

lithosphere; atmosphere

atmosphere; biosphere

Correct answer:

lithosphere; atmosphere

Explanation:

Four spheres are all independent parts of a system. The spheres interact with each other, and a change in one area can cause a change in another. Water seeps into the cliff walls behind the dam, becoming groundwater (lithosphere), or evaporating into the air (atmosphere). The lithosphere contains all of the solid land of the planet's crust, the semi-solid land underneath the crust, and even the molten part of Earth's core. The atmosphere contains all the air in the Earth's system. The upper portion of the atmosphere protects the organisms of the biosphere from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. It also absorbs and emits heat. This sphere is also where weather occurs.

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