SAT II World History : Persian Empire

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Southwest Asia And Africa

Cyrus the Great is an important figure in the identity of which modern nation?

Possible Answers:

Iran 

China 

Macedonia 

Korea 

Romania 

Correct answer:

Iran 

Explanation:

Cyrus the Great is the founder of the great Achaemenid Empire of the ancient and classical Near East (later called the Persian Empire). Cyrus originated from Persis (the modern-day Iranian province of Fars) and as such has played an instrumental role in the development of contemporary Iranian national identity.

Example Question #1 : Persian Empire

Which of these answer choices best explains what a satrap was in the Persian Empire?

Possible Answers:

a road built for military purposes and troop movement

a regiment of the army made up of kidnapped Greeks

a naval vessel used to blockade enemy ports

an agricultural community forced to provide half of its grain to the Persian Empire

a governor of a political district

Correct answer:

a governor of a political district

Explanation:

The ancient Persian Empire was vast, and administering the wide territory and diverse population required a unique administrative system. The Persian Emperors created satraps, or governors, to rule a political district on behalf of the emperor.

Example Question #2 : Persian Empire

Cyrus the Great, Darius I, and Xerxes were all rulers of which ancient empire?

Possible Answers:

The Sumerian Empire

The Babylonian Empire

The Hittite Empire

The Persian Empire

The Egyptian Empire

Correct answer:

The Persian Empire

Explanation:

The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great when he conquered the rival Medes and established the Achaemenid Dynasty. Darius I dramatically expanded Persian territory and invaded mainland Europe. Xerxes was repelled by Greek forces at the Battle of Salamis.

Example Question #12 : Southwest Asia And Africa

The Ancient Persian Empire was centered in which modern-day country?

Possible Answers:

Morocco

Egypt

Iran

Turkey

Afghanistan

Correct answer:

Iran

Explanation:

The Persian Empire was the most powerful in the known world for several generations in the centuries before the rise of Rome. It was based out of modern day Iran and indeed Iran is still called Persia in some languages and by some people. The Persian Empire is sometimes called the Achaemenid Empire.

Example Question #13 : Southwest Asia And Africa

Which of these empires could not reasonably be described as a "Persian Empire?"

Possible Answers:

Seleucid

Parthian

Ayyubid 

Sasanid

Achaemenid

Correct answer:

Ayyubid 

Explanation:

The term "Persian Empire" is a fairly broad term that refers to many different empires, most of which directly followed on from one another, that were centered in Persia (modern-day Iran). The first "Persian Empire" was probably the Achaemenid Empire that began in the year 550 C.E. with the conquests of Cyrus the Great. The Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanid Empires are all other examples of "Persian Empires." The Ayyubid's however were a Kurdish dynasty formed by Saladin and centered in modern-day Egypt.

Example Question #91 : Sat Subject Test In World History

The fall of the Sasanid Empire was a direct result of _____________.

Possible Answers:

the rise of Christianity

the influence of Mongolian hordes

the rise of Islam

the growing power of the Byzantine Empire

the subversive efforts of the Mughal rulers

Correct answer:

the rise of Islam

Explanation:

The Sasanid Empire, also called the Sassanian Empire, was the last dynasty of the Persian Empire. It collapsed in an incredibly brief period, less than a decade, in the seventh century as it was overtaken by the rise of Islam and invading Caliphates.

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