SAT II World History : Christianity

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : World Religions

Roman Catholicism is the chief religion in the Philippines because

Possible Answers:

it was rejecting its colonially imposed religion.

it was ruled by Spain for hundreds of years.

it received Christian refugees from the Islamic conquests.

it was influenced by Portuguese missionaries from the 1600s.

of a mass conversion after the conversion of a ruler.

Correct answer:

it was ruled by Spain for hundreds of years.

Explanation:

Spain ruled the Philippines from 1521-1898, making the islands one of Spain's early overseas possessions, and one it held as long as any other. Spain's dominant Catholicism was a large element to its rule of the Philippines. To this day, the Philippines is over 80% Roman Catholic.

Example Question #1 : World Religions

Christianity first emerged as a fringe religion in which of the following empires?

Possible Answers:

The Greek Empire

The Parthian Empire

The Roman Empire

The Seljuk Empire

The Assyrian Empire

Correct answer:

The Roman Empire

Explanation:

The religion of Christianity first emerged in the Roman Empire two thousand years ago. It was spread originally by Paul the Apostle around the various cities and empires of the Near East and the Mediterranean, but was only a fringe religion for the first two or three centuries of its existence.

Example Question #1 : Christianity

Which of these Roman Emperors made Christianity a legal religion of the Roman Empire and ended decades of state-sponsored persecution? 

Possible Answers:

Octavian

Constantine

Hadrian

Augustus

Diocletian

Correct answer:

Constantine

Explanation:

Constantine I, sometimes called St. Constantine or Constantine the Great, was Roman Emperor in the early fourth century CE. During his reign, Christianity had begun to cement itself as the dominant religion of the Roman Empire. In response, Constantine first legalized Christianity and ended the persecution of Christians, and then converted shortly before his death; his baptism was one of the last things he did.

Example Question #2 : World Religions

Which of these is not one of the four main canonical gospels of Christianity?

Possible Answers:

Mark

Matthew

Peter

John

Luke

Correct answer:

Peter

Explanation:

The gospels are descriptions of the life of Jesus Christ found in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The four most famous ones are the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Peter is famous for different reasons; the Catholic Church generally considers him to be the first Pope, and it is said that he is "the rock upon which Christ's church was built."

Example Question #2 : Christianity

The Nicene Creed __________.

Possible Answers:

rejected the practice of simony and the sale of indulgences

created the Vatican

established Christianity's opposition to political reform

standardized the Christian faith

determined the necessary credentials for cardinals and popes

Correct answer:

standardized the Christian faith

Explanation:

The Nicene Creed was issued in 325 CE and is the earliest known attempt to officially standardize the practice of Christian faith. It essentially stated, "We are Christians, and this is what we believe." It can be seen either as a cornerstone of the Christian faith or as the first in a long line of attempts to imbue Christianity with the power of secular authority.

Example Question #1 : Christianity

The Leader of the Eastern Orthodox Church was called the __________.

Possible Answers:

Pope

Patriarch

Eastern Pope 

Bishop of Moscow 

Tsar

Correct answer:

Patriarch

Explanation:

The leader of the Eastern Orthodox Church was (and, depending on who you ask, still is) called the Patriarch. The Eastern Orthodox Church was centered in Constantinople and the Bishop of Constantinople as generally held the title of "first among equals" or the Patriarch. 

Example Question #721 : Sat Subject Test In World History

The Papal Bull Unam Sanctam, issued in 1302, is notable for __________

Possible Answers:

encouraging the sale of indulgences as a legitimate church practice 

establishing which of the gospels are considered sacred and which are not 

encouraging a mass genocide of the Hussites 

abolishing the sale of indulgences as a legitimate church practice 

proclaiming the supremacy of the Catholic Church in both spiritual and secular matters 

Correct answer:

proclaiming the supremacy of the Catholic Church in both spiritual and secular matters 

Explanation:

The Papal Bull Unam sanctam was issued by Pope Boniface VIII in 1302. It is notable for proclaiming the unity of the Catholic Church and, more significantly, the absolute authority of the Church in both spiritual and secular matters. It can be understood as part of a general trend in pre-Reformation Europe to try and solidify and extend the temporal power of the Catholic Church.

Example Question #2 : World Religions

Which of these individuals is most responsible for spreading early Christianity around the known world?

Possible Answers:

Augustine of Hippo

Paul the Apostle

Abraham

John the Baptist

Peter

Correct answer:

Paul the Apostle

Explanation:

Paul the Apostle was a Jewish Roman citizen who, for reasons shrouded by the politicization of Christianity, came to believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ in the first century CE. He is more responsible than any other man (including Jesus) for spreading the faith of Christianity around the world. He wrote letters to Jews and Romans alike, as well as other religious and ethnic groups and travelled widely spreading the Christian gospel. Many historians consider that without the dedicated early influence of Paul, Christianity might have remained a small sect of Judaism, although this is impossible to determine with any certainty.

Example Question #2 : World Religions

Constantine's Edict of Milan is notable for __________.

Possible Answers:

declaring Christianity an illegal religion within the Roman Empire

ordering the execution of Christians within the Roman Empire

creating the Holy See of Vatican City

ending the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire

making Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire

Correct answer:

ending the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire

Explanation:

The Edict of Milan, issued by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in 313 CE, ended the state-sponsored persecution of Christians within the Roman Empire. It made Christianity legal in Rome and all of its provinces.

Example Question #2 : World Religions

Which of these religions is the dominant religion of South America?

Possible Answers:

Judaism

Islam

Confucianism

Protestantism

Catholicism

Correct answer:

Catholicism

Explanation:

Christianity is by far the dominant religion of South America, but Catholicism in particular is followed by more than fifty percent of the continent.

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