SAT II US History : Facts and Details in U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

What colony was established by Thomas Hooker?

Possible Answers:

Maine

Connecticut

Pennsylvania

New Jersey 

Rhode Island

Correct answer:

Connecticut

Explanation:

Thomas Hooker founded the colony of Connecticut after an extensive disagreement with the Puritan leaders in Massachusetts. Hooker was a prominent Christian theologian and minister throughout his life.

Example Question #354 : U.S. Political History

Who established the colony of New Hampshire?

Possible Answers:

Roger Williams

Thomas Hooker

William Penn

Lord Baltimore

John Mason

Correct answer:

John Mason

Explanation:

The colony of New Hampshire was established by royal charter and founded by John Mason in 1629. The first community there had been established only six years previously. 

Example Question #355 : U.S. Political History

Which colony did not attend the First Continental Congress?

Possible Answers:

Georgia 

Florida

South Carolina

New Jersey

North Carolina

Correct answer:

Georgia 

Explanation:

The colony of Georgia had largely prospered under royal rule, and at the time of the First Continental Congress, in 1774, the majority of Georgians felt that they needed British rule to protect them from Native American attacks. After the battles of Lexington and Concord, many Georgians began to swing towards allegiance with the rest of the Americans.  

Example Question #31 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What colony was established by Lord Berkeley and George Carteret in 1664?

Possible Answers:

Maryland

Connecticut 

New Jersey

New York

New Hampshire

Correct answer:

New Jersey

Explanation:

The territory known as New Jersey was originally controlled by the Netherlands—and then by Sweden—before coming in to British hands in the 1660s. The Duke of York, later King James II, awarded the territory of New Jersey jointly to Lord Berkeley and George Carteret. To try to entice settlers Berkeley and Carteret provided for religious freedom in the colony and gave away large tracts of land.

Example Question #32 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the last colony to be founded prior to the Revolutionary War?

Possible Answers:

New Hampshire

West Virginia

South Carolina

Kentucky

Georgia 

Correct answer:

Georgia 

Explanation:

The last of the original thirteen colonies to be founded prior to the Revolutionary War was the colony of Georgia. It was founded in 1732, by James Oglethorpe, initially as a trustee colony, but later it become a royal colony under the Crown's direct protection. Georgia was also the colony which had most direct ties to the British Empire at the time of revolution, due in part to the shorter period with which Georgians had to create a separate identity, and also due to the protection from Native Americans that Georgians required from the British. 

Example Question #33 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

On July 4th, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted what document in Philadelphia?

Possible Answers:

The Constitution

The Declaration of Independence

The Bill of Rights

The Articles of Confederation

The Emancipation Proclamation

Correct answer:

The Declaration of Independence

Explanation:

On July 4th, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.

Example Question #34 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

On March 4th, 1789, the U.S. Congress met for the first time in which American city?

Possible Answers:

Washington, D.C.

Richmond

New York City

Philadelphia

Boston

Correct answer:

New York City

Explanation:

On March 4th, 1789, the U.S. Congress met for the first time in New York City, at Federal Hall.

Example Question #35 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

At the First Continental Congress, only twelve of the thrteen colonies were represented.  Which colony was not represented?

Possible Answers:

Virginia

Delaware

Georgia

New Jersey

New York

Correct answer:

Georgia

Explanation:

At the First Continental Congress, only Geogia was not represented, as the colony was hoping for British help with its Native-American population.

Example Question #36 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The only state originally colonized by the French among the following is __________.

Possible Answers:

Massachusetts

Louisiana

Georgia

Maryland

New York

Correct answer:

Louisiana

Explanation:

Among all the European countries who colonized America in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, France was least interested in establishing large, permanent settlements. Instead, the French government favored establishing trading posts and dealing with the Native Americans. The French did have a presence stretching from the St. Lawrence River in Canada through the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River Valley. One of the few settlements was established at New Orleans in present day Louisiana.

Example Question #45 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

Article 1 of the Constitution of United States details the __________.

Possible Answers:

executive branch

judicial branch

freedom of speech, religion, and assembly

the rights of citizens

legislative branch

Correct answer:

legislative branch

Explanation:

After a short preamble, the first subject that the writers of the Constitution addressed was the legislative branch of the government, the United States Congress. This position shows the vital role the framers saw in the legislature, as the "people's branch." Article II and III went on to detail the roles of the Executive and Judicial Branches, respectively. Enumerated rights of citizens were not originally included, and anti-federalists who were opposed to the constitution saw this as a primary reason to oppose the document. The Bill of Rights, ten amendments that enumerated rights of citizens was added in 1791.

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