SAT II US History : Facts and Details in U.S. Political History from Pre-Columbian to 1789

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name given to the 1773 action of colonial patriots who, angered by British tea taxes, dressed as Mohawk indians, boarded ships in Boston Harbor, and dumped hundreds of crates of tea into the water?

Possible Answers:

The Boston Massacre

The Militia Uprising

The Intolerable Act

The Boston Insurrection

The Boston Tea Party

Correct answer:

The Boston Tea Party

Explanation:

The name given to the 1773 action of colonial patriots who, angered by British tea taxes, dressed as Mohawk indians, boarded ships in Boston Harbor, and dumped hundreds of crates of tea into the water was the Boston Tea Party. The British Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party with the Intolerable Acts, which led to the Revolutionary War.

Example Question #22 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

In 1664, the British seized New Amsterdam from the Dutch. What did they rename it?

Possible Answers:

Providence

Philadelphia

Nassau

New York

Boston

Correct answer:

New York

Explanation:

In 1664, the British seized New Amsterdam from the Dutch and renamed it New York.

Example Question #23 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Meeting in 1619, what was the name of the first representative assembly in America?

Possible Answers:

The Philadelphia Convention

The House of Burgesses

The Continental Congress

The Virginia Convention

The Committee of Safety

Correct answer:

The House of Burgesses

Explanation:

Meeting in Virginia in 1619, the House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in America. It was dissolved in 1774, by Royal Governor Lord Dunmore.

Example Question #24 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

Which community was established by the exiled Pilgrim, Roger Williams?

Possible Answers:

Boston

Providence

Albany

Salem

Plymouth

Correct answer:

Providence

Explanation:

The exiled Pilgrim, Roger Williams, founded the community of Providence, in 1636, during the Antinomian Schism. Williams was a firm believer in the separation of church and state, as well as the rights of an individual to determine morality and sin for him or herself. His opinions were considered dangerous to the established church order, and he was banished in 1635. Williams was also one of the earliest supporters of Native American rights and equality, and he famously condemned King James I of England for establishing colonies in Native lands without providing monetary contribution. 

Example Question #28 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

The Declaratory Act of 1766                       .

Possible Answers:

forbade colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains

stated that the British Parliament had ultimate authority to pass laws in the colonies

forced colonists to quarter British troops during time of war

reinstated the Stamp Act despite widespread protest

called on the colonists to make financial payments to the Crown for assistance during the Seven Years’ War

Correct answer:

stated that the British Parliament had ultimate authority to pass laws in the colonies

Explanation:

In 1765, the British Parliament was forced to repeal the Stamp Act, after widespread chaos and protest in the colonies; however, Parliament viewed this precedent as a dangerous trendsetter and sought to eradicate the problem before it could spread. To this end they affixed the Declaratory Act of 1766 to the repeal of the Stamp Act. The Act stated that British Parliament had as much power to fix laws in the colonies as it had back in Britain and throughout the rest of the Empire: parliament was the ultimate legal authority throughout the colonies. 

Example Question #31 : U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian History To 1789

King Phillip’s War was fought between                         .

Possible Answers:

Native Americans and France

Native Americans and Britain

Native Americans and colonists

Britain and France

Britain and Spain

Correct answer:

Native Americans and colonists

Explanation:

King Phillip’s war was fought between Native Americans and Puritan colonists in the 1670s. The war was the culmination of several decades of growing hostility between the Native people and the colonists. For their part, the Native Americans had seen their populations ravaged by European diseases, their lands settled by foreign settlers, and their sovereignty undermined by the imposition of English law. The tensions came to head when King Phillip’s (Native name: Metacomet) father died under suspicious circumstances, shortly after visiting with a colonial assembly. 

Example Question #27 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Maryland Act of Toleration, 1649,                         .

Possible Answers:

argued explicitly for the separation of church and state

gave equal political rights to Catholics 

encouraged settlers to arrive from other European nations 

forbade the persecution and slaughter of Native Americans

allowed individuals to deny the divinity of Christ 

Correct answer:

gave equal political rights to Catholics 

Explanation:

The colony of Maryland was established, in part, as a safe place for Catholics to settle. It was an attempt to protect this tradition, against the dominant Anglicanism. The Act allowed for any Trinitarian Christians to settle in Maryland and be afforded equal social and political rights. It did state, however, that denying the divinity of Christ was punishable by death. Although it was frequently repealed and reinstated and then repealed permanently following the Glorious Revolution, many historians consider it to be a framework for later acts of religious toleration in the United States.

Example Question #25 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What was the name of the Act passed by the British Parliament on March 24th, 1765, which required the American colonists to provide food, shelter, and other provisions to British troops?

Possible Answers:

The Townshend Acts of 1765

The Quartering Act of 1765

The Stamp Act of 1765

The Homestead Act of 1765

The Sugar Act of 1765

Correct answer:

The Quartering Act of 1765

Explanation:

It was the Quartering Act of 1765. Needless to say, it was a contributing factor in the American colonists' rebellion.

Example Question #26 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

What were the first military battles of the American Revolutionary War?

Possible Answers:

The Battles of Saratoga and Yorktown

The Battles of Lexington and Yorktown

The Battles of Antietam and Bunker Hill

The Battles of Saratoga and Concord

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

Correct answer:

The Battles of Lexington and Concord

Explanation:

The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19th, 1775, were the first battles of the American Revolutionary War.

Example Question #27 : Facts And Details In U.S. Political History From Pre Columbian To 1789

The Third Amendment to the Constitution                        .

Possible Answers:

provides for the freedom of speech

guarantees the freedom of the press

guarantees protection from forced quartering of soldiers 

provides for the freedom of religion

allows Americans the right to own guns 

Correct answer:

guarantees protection from forced quartering of soldiers 

Explanation:

The Third Amendment to the Constitution guarantees that American citizens are forever protected from having to quarter soldiers in their house. The Amendment was likely added in response to the Quartering Act, which the British instituted during colonial rule: it was designed to ensure a similar imposition on the rights of Americans would not happen again. The freedoms of religion, the press, and speech are all guaranteed in the First Amendment. The right to bear arms is protected by the Second Amendment.

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