SAT II Latin : Latin Verbs

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Latin Verb Tense

Please choose the correct answer below

Which phrase is Julius Caesar reported to have said when crossing the Rubicon river with his army?

Possible Answers:

Veni, vidi, vici. 

Arma virumque cano!

Et tu, Brute?

Alea iacta est!

Quidquid id est, timeo Danaos et dona ferentis. 

Correct answer:

Alea iacta est!

Explanation:

Julius Caesar when crossing the Rubicon, reportedly said, "Alea iacta est," which means "the die has been cast."

Both "Quidquid id est, timeo Danaos et dona ferentis." and "Arma virumque cano!" are from the Aeneid by Virgil.

The remaining two quotes are also Julius Caesar, "Veni, vidi, vici." was what he said about his military campaigns in England, and "Et tu, Brute?" was what he said when he laid dying in the Senate, stabbed by the senators.

Example Question #1 : Mood In Latin Verbs

The correct present subjunctive passive of incipimus is __________.

Possible Answers:

inciperemus

incipiamur

inceperimus

incipiamus

incepissemus

Correct answer:

incipiamur

Explanation:

The original verb incipimus is first-person plural; therefore we must find the first-person plural passive subjunctive of this verb. The subjunctive stem for the verb incipere is incipia-, taking the "ia" as the marker for the subjunctive. We then add "mur" to the end to make it passive in the first-person plural present tense.

Example Question #1 : Mood In Latin Verbs

Choose the correct answer from the options below

The correct subjunctive imperfect active of the verb of videtis is __________.

Possible Answers:

videretis

vidissemus

videbetis

videbatis

videar

Correct answer:

videretis

Explanation:

Videtis is the indicative active present form of the verb video in the second person plural. 

The proper relative form of this in the subjunctive imperfect is videretis.

Example Question #1 : Latin Verbs

Marce, __________!

Possible Answers:

venite

venit

veniat

venti

veni

Correct answer:

veni

Explanation:

The correct answer is veni. The name Marce is the vocative form of the name Marcus. This, coupled with the exclamation mark, lets us know that this is a command. The correct singular imperative of venire is veni. 

Example Question #1 : Latin Verbs

Choose the correct answer from the choices below. 

Servilia, __________ in villam!

Possible Answers:

venerunt

veni

venitur

ventum sum

venite

Correct answer:

veni

Explanation:

The comma after the name spoken signifies that she is being addressed directly, so the imperative mood is needed. The singular imperative of Venire, to come is "veni."

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