SAT II Latin : Latin Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Latin

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Latin Ablative Case

Vir __________ caeditur

Possible Answers:

gladio

cum gladio

gladium

a gladio

per gladio

Correct answer:

gladio

Explanation:

The correct answer is gladio. This is the example of the ablative of means, meaning an inanimate object was used to achieve an action. As such, there is no need for a preposition, as gladio in this context means "with a sword" already. 

Example Question #1 : Sat Subject Test In Latin

Choose the correct translation for the underlined section of the sentence. 

Ego visus sum a Bruto.

Possible Answers:

for Brutus

to Brutus

by Brutus

with Brutus

at Brutus

Correct answer:

by Brutus

Explanation:

The sentence translates to "I was seen by Brutus." This is called the ablative of personal agent, which uses the preposition "a" before the noun that is doing the action. 

This construction is seen in the words "a Bruto."

Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Paradigms

The nominative plural of fulmen is __________.

Possible Answers:

fulmenes

fulmina

fulmena

fulminae

fulmines

Correct answer:

fulmina

Explanation:

The noun lightning, fulmen is a third-declension neuter noun. As such, the proper ending for the nominative plural is -a. The genitive, which determines the stem, is fulminis; therefore the correct nominative plural is fulmina.

Example Question #2 : Sat Subject Test In Latin

The correct accusative singular of cornū is __________.

Possible Answers:

cornūm

cornūum

cornūa

cornū

cornūs

Correct answer:

cornū

Explanation:

The correct accusative singular of cornū is cornū. This is a fourth declension neuter -ū noun, and the accusative and nominative declensions match in neuter genders.

Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Paradigms

Please choose the correct answer from the options below

The proper ablative and dative plural form of the word Dea is __________.

Possible Answers:

Dea

Deam

Deabus

Deis

Dearum

Correct answer:

Deabus

Explanation:

The noun "dea," though it is a first declension noun, is "deabus" in the plural dative and ablative, so as not to get it mixed up with the ablative and dative plural of the 2nd declension masculine noun "deus."

Example Question #1 : Using Nominative Case In Latin

Aquitania __________ est. 

Possible Answers:

provinciarum

provincias

provinciae

provincia 

provinciam

Correct answer:

provincia 

Explanation:

The correct answer is provincia. Because of the verb est, which comes from the verb esse, to be, the nominative must be used instead of the accusative in a construction called the predicate nominative. 

Example Question #1 : Latin Nominative And Vocative Cases

Please choose the correct answer below

Tiberis et Padus __________ sunt. 

Possible Answers:

montes

flumina

maria

ponti

viae

Correct answer:

flumina

Explanation:

Tiberis and Padus are the latin names for the rivers Tiber and Po, respectively. The word for river in Latin is Flumen, the nominative singular is Flumina. 

Example Question #1 : Using Dative Case In Latin

The correct dative plural of dux is __________.

Possible Answers:

duces

ducibus

duxibus

ducebus

ducia

Correct answer:

ducibus

Explanation:

The correct dative plural of dux is ducibus. As a third declension noun with a genitive of ducis, the proper ending, -ibus is added to the stem, resulting in ducibus. 

Example Question #1 : Latin Nouns

Dux mandat __________.

Possible Answers:

milites

a militibus

militibus 

militem

militum

Correct answer:

militibus 

Explanation:

The verb mandare takes the dative instead of the accusative; therefore the only correct answer can be militibus; since every other option is in the wrong case. 

Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Cases

Choose fill in the blank with the correct answer from the choices below

Senator mandat __________ in hortum

Possible Answers:

puero

pueros

puerum

puer

pueri

Correct answer:

puero

Explanation:

The correct answer is "puero". It should be rememebered that Mandare in Latin takes the dative case instead of the accusative; therefore, "puero" is the only viable option.

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