HSPT Verbal : Antonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Antonyms

An antonym for hearty is __________.

Possible Answers:

strong

exuberant

healthy

ebullient

restrained

Correct answer:

restrained

Explanation:

Although the word “hearty” is somewhat like “hardy,” meaning “robust or strong,” it is most often used to indicate “healthy or lively” in a more metaphorical sense, as when we say, “A hearty smile.” Such a smile is cheerful and strong. In opposition to such vigorous and lively smiling, we can consider the “restrained” person, that is, one who is moderate and understated.

Example Question #52 : Antonyms

An antonym for cantankerous is __________.

Possible Answers:

angry

affable

grumpy

senile

smiling

Correct answer:

affable

Explanation:

A cantankerous person has an ill temper and often argues. We often think of “cantankerous old men,” though there are indeed cantankerous young people as well. In contrast with such an argumentative personality, the word “affable” is an excellent antonym. Someone who is affable is good-tempered, friendly, and agreeable.

Example Question #53 : Antonyms

An antonym for infidel is __________.

Possible Answers:

believer

Christian

principled

upright

uncorrupted

Correct answer:

believer

Explanation:

In its most general (and literal) sense, “infidel” means “someone who is unfaithful,” generally implying that this lack of faithfulness pertains to religious matters. The “-fidel” portion of the word comes from the Latin for “faith” or “faithful,” as found in the English “fidelity” and the Marines’ motto “semper fidelis”—always faithful. Among the options provided, only “believer” adequately expresses an antonym to infidel. 

Example Question #54 : Antonyms

An antonym for identical is __________.

Possible Answers:

equal

specific

argumentative

dissimilar

disagreement

Correct answer:

dissimilar

Explanation:

When two things are identical, they are exactly the same in some respect. It comes from the Latin for “the same.” To “identify” something is to say that the thing is the same as your description. The best antonym for “identical” found among the options provided is “dissimilar,” meaning “not alike.”

Example Question #55 : Antonyms

An antonym for lusty is __________.

Possible Answers:

libido

moral

avaricious

pure

sickly

Correct answer:

sickly

Explanation:

Although “lust” means “an extreme (often immoral) desire,” the word “lusty” is derived from an earlier sense of “lust” as “strength or vigor.” (You can see this even in the fact that “lust” is used to describe a strong desire or attraction). The word “lusty” thus means something like “strong, vigorous, or healthy.”  In contrast to such lustiness, “sickly” is by far the best antonym among the options provided.

Example Question #56 : Antonyms

An antonym for mean is __________.

Possible Answers:

moderate

generous

signify

nasty

unkind

Correct answer:

generous

Explanation:

Do not be tricked by the many synonyms found among the answers—nasty, unkind, signify, and moderate. The word “mean” has a number of meanings, from “to signify” to “nasty” to “average” (as in an arithmetical mean). The word can also mean “not giving or generous.” Thus, the best antonym is “generous.” All of the others are good synonyms for various senses of the word.  However, that does little good when you are looking for an antonym.

Example Question #57 : Antonyms

An antonym for meager is __________.

Possible Answers:

joyous

impoverished

plentiful

thin

amazing

Correct answer:

plentiful

Explanation:

The word meager is derived from root words meaning “thin” in the sense of not being physically fat. When supplies, food, or other things are described as being “meager,” they are lacking in quantity. Among the options provided, the only antonym to such lack is “plentiful.”

Example Question #58 : Antonyms

An antonym for nefarious is __________.

Possible Answers:

unpopular

acceptable

unknown

accepted

righteous

Correct answer:

righteous

Explanation:

When something is nefarious, it is gravely wicked or criminal. Generally, the word is used to describe some action. For instance, one could say, “The group of young mobsters committed a number of nefarious murders that were reported throughout the nation due to the cruel manner by which they killed their victims.” In contrast to such wicked actions, “righteous” actions are “right” in the strong, moral sense.

Example Question #59 : Antonyms

An antonym for objection is __________.

Possible Answers:

tame

question

conversation

discussion

concurrence

Correct answer:

concurrence

Explanation:

When someone “registers an objection,” that person expresses opposition to some point of view, fact, etc. To say, “I object . . .” is akin to saying, “I disagree . . .” In contrast to objection, “concurrence” is the state of being in agreement. It literally means “to run with,” as though to say, “to be going in the same direction.” The current of a stream is the “running” of the water in the stream. To say, “I concur,” is basically the same as saying, “I agree with you.”  “Concurrence” is thus an excellent antonym for “objection.”

Example Question #60 : Antonyms

Abjure means the opposite of __________.

Possible Answers:

renege

emphasize

forswear

recant

Correct answer:

emphasize

Explanation:

"Recent," "renege," and "forswear" are synomyms of abjure. "Abjure" means to renounce or give up under oath. "Emphasize" means to lay stress upon something.

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