HSPT Verbal : Antonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #83 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym to dolt is __________.

Possible Answers:

fool

efficacious

succeed

genius

accomplishment

Correct answer:

genius

Explanation:

Although it is a bit informal, the word “dolt” is used to name someone who is a fool or is stupid. It is related to the word “dull,” in the sense of not having a very “sharp” mind. The best antonym for this is “genius,” which is purely opposite to one who is stupid.

Example Question #84 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym to discerning is __________.

Possible Answers:

snobbish

tasteful

arrogant

sensitive

impulsive

Correct answer:

impulsive

Explanation:

When we “discern” something, we are said to recognize it. For instance, we could say, “After three years of living in the monastery, the young man discerned that the way of life did not match his personality. He soon thereafter chose to leave the cloister.” Before the young man left, he discerned—recognized—the situation. A “discerning” person is someone who exhibits good judgment, likely because he or she looks for and recognizes appropriate reasons for those judgments. This is quite different than an impulsive person. Such a person acts without thinking, following one impulse after another without any direction.

Example Question #85 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym of distasteful is __________.

Possible Answers:

unrefined

insipid

uncouth

bland

palatable

Correct answer:

palatable

Explanation:

Something that is distasteful causes disgust because of its unpleasant character. This can apply to foods but it can likewise pertain to things like “distasteful actions,” as in, “I find it extremely distasteful when someone wipes his nose with his hand.” The word “palatable” is related to the word “palate,” meaning “roof of the mouth,” and also “palate” in the sense of someone’s ability to discern tastes. For instance, one could say, “The wine leaves an oaky flavor on your palate.” Something “palatable” is “tasteful,” either in the literal sense pertaining to food and drink but also in the broader sense of being acceptable.

Example Question #85 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym for fatal is __________.

Possible Answers:

healing

acceptable

medicinal

wounding

harmless

Correct answer:

harmless

Explanation:

Something is called fatal when it is likely to lead to a disaster or to cause death. A “fatal wound” is one that is likely to end in the death of the person thereby wounded. In contrast to such a dangerous state of affairs, “harmless” is an adequate antonym.

Example Question #86 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym for fuming is __________.

Possible Answers:

smoldering

serene

argumentative

inquisitive

discursive

Correct answer:

serene

Explanation:

Although the word “fuming” does mean the physical act of sending of vapors or fumes because of smoke, it is often used in the metaphorical sense of indicating that someone is extremely angry. In contrast to this, something that is “serene” is calm and untroubled.

Example Question #87 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym for nuisance is __________.

Possible Answers:

pleasure

gadfly

humble

conceited

annoyance

Correct answer:

pleasure

Explanation:

When someone is a nuisance, that person is an annoyance or displeasing. We might call a bothersome classmate a nuisance if that person is always annoying us, asking for money, making rude remarks, or other things of the like. The word “pleasure” is an adequate contrast—that is, if the word is understood in the sense of, “He was an utter pleasure to be around.”

Example Question #88 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym for gallant is __________.

Possible Answers:

polished

cowardly

regality

princely

kingly

Correct answer:

cowardly

Explanation:

Perhaps you associate the word “gallant” with knighthood and the courageous exploits of armored men. The reason for this is that the word means “courageous” or “heroic”—a trait that we hope to find in knights and warriors.  In contrast to this, the word “cowardly” functions as an excellent antonym, as it means “lacking courage” or “regularly and easily fearful.”

Example Question #89 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym for gulp is __________.

Possible Answers:

sip

savor

drink

eat

guzzle

Correct answer:

sip

Explanation:

To gulp something is to swallow it in large amounts all at once. While mere “drinking” or “eating” might appear to be acceptable antonyms, the word “sip” best captures a sense directly opposed to gulping. Simply sipping something is the taking of small, measured drinks.

Example Question #31 : Antonyms

An antonym for hassle is __________.

Possible Answers:

convenient

difficult

cumbersome

bothersome

questionable

Correct answer:

convenient

Explanation:

Something that is a hassle is inconvenient, often in an irritating manner. A hassle might also be said to be bothersome or, at least in a secondary sense, cumbersome or difficult. Something that is convenient is not a hassle but instead is easy and available.

Example Question #32 : Antonyms

An antonym for horrific is __________.

Possible Answers:

pictorial

reassuring

frightening

lovely

gory

Correct answer:

reassuring

Explanation:

When something is horrific or horrifying, it causes shuddering and fear. Such a thing is unsettling, causing someone to be ill at ease and frightened. Thus, the best option for an antonym among the options provided is “reassuring,” for when something is reassuring, it removes fear and concern. While “lovely” and perhaps even “pictorial” might be tempting answers, only “reassuring” directly opposes this sense of frightfulness.

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