HSPT Verbal : Antonyms

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Antonyms

An antonym for elite is __________.

Possible Answers:

common

aristocratic

advanced

forgotten

regal

Correct answer:

common

Explanation:

The word “elite” is related to the word “elect,” which means “select or chosen.” Such people are either the best in a group or at least believe themselves to be. In contrast to such people, one finds the mere “common run of humanity”—those ordinary people who are not members of the elect. While such persons might be forgotten, the best antonym for “elite” is “common,” which captures the sense of “not elite, chosen, select, grand, and / or talented.” Do not be tempted to select “aristocratic” or “regal.” These are trying to trick you into choosing potential synonyms.

Example Question #22 : Antonyms

An antonym for emaciated is __________.

Possible Answers:

continent

horrid

gorgeous

plump

svelte

Correct answer:

plump

Explanation:

Someone who is “emaciated” is extremely thin, perhaps because of malnutrition. Although it is somewhat simple, “plump” is the best antonym for this, as it is the only option that is opposed to the sense of being extremely thin.

Example Question #23 : Antonyms

An antonym for disproportionate is __________.

Possible Answers:

sizable

unmeasured

ridiculous

crooked

equal

Correct answer:

equal

Explanation:

Something that is “disproportionate” is either too large or small in comparison with something else. For instance, one could say, “The growth of the stock price was disproportionately higher than the growth in the company’s profit, which was increasing in very humble increments.” Among the options provided, the best contrast to such “disproportion” is “equality,” or “equal.”

Example Question #24 : Antonyms

An antonym for enlighten is __________.

Possible Answers:

Confound

teach

bore

advertise

regulate

Correct answer:

Confound

Explanation:

When something is enlightening, it gives knowledge or insight into a topic. To “enlighten” is to give such knowledge. In contrast to this, “to confound” someone is to cause confusion. The word comes from the Latin for “to mix with.” The “con-” prefix means “with” and the “-found” portion of this word is related to the “-fus-” portion of “confuse” or “confusion.”

Example Question #25 : Antonyms

An antonym of bizarre is __________.

Possible Answers:

ordinary

monstrous

functional

rustic

unquestioned

Correct answer:

ordinary

Explanation:

Something that is bizarre is very unusual, as when one says, “He has the most bizarre opinions of anyone I know. They are so extraordinary that they make no sense to me at all.” This is quite the opposite from “ordinary,” which is a suitable antonym.

Example Question #26 : Antonyms

An antonym for betrayal is __________.

Possible Answers:

acceptable

promise

sadness

recant

fidelity

Correct answer:

fidelity

Explanation:

Betrayal is an act of breaking the trust that someone has placed in you. This is quite the opposite of being faithful. “Fidelity” is the character trait of faithfulness. The word is taken from the Latin for “faith” and is found in the Marines’ motto: “Semper fidelis”—“Always faithful.”

Example Question #27 : Antonyms

An antonym of critical is __________.

Possible Answers:

overview

accepting

pleasing

reviewer

negative

Correct answer:

accepting

Explanation:

When someone is critical, he or she disapproves of something. For instance, “Kevin was extremely critical of his coworkers, always judging something to be wrong in their work.” This is quite the opposite of “accepting,” which means “to affirm, validate, or approve.”

Example Question #28 : Antonyms

An antonym for effective is __________.

Possible Answers:

stalwart

staunch

hidden

unproductive

potent

Correct answer:

unproductive

Explanation:

Someone who is effective is able to produce desired outcomes—desired effects. Such a person could be called successful, efficacious, or powerful. (The word “effective” can also be used in the sense of meaning “convincing” as in an “effective argument” and also “in force” as in “the policy that is now effective”). The only option that functions as an antonym is “unproductive,” which is the opposite of someone who is effective. Unsurprisingly, an unproductive person is someone who is unable to produce outcomes with any particular efficacy.

Example Question #29 : Antonyms

An antonym for deferential is __________.

Possible Answers:

energetic

inquisition

questionable

transfer

disobedient

Correct answer:

disobedient

Explanation:

A deferential person is humble and inclined to submit to the wishes and the demands of others. (The word actually is a construction derived from “defer”—to submit to another humbly. This could be used as in, “Since he was aware of his ignorance on the topic, Peter deferred to John, who was a known expert”). This is quite the opposite character trait to “disobedient,” meaning “unlikely to obey” or “not given to expressing obedience.”

Example Question #30 : Antonyms

An antonym for dire is __________.

Possible Answers:

hopeful

gladdening

affluence

wealthy

simplistic

Correct answer:

hopeful

Explanation:

When circumstances are called “dire,” they are such that there is little hope they will resolve in a positive manner. They generally imply urgency and danger, as in “dire poverty,” which threatens to lead to the death of those who are so impoverished. The answer “hopeful” is quite opposed to such hopelessness.

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