HSPT Verbal : Antonyms: Adjectives and Adverbs

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1 3 4 5 6

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym of "substantial" is __________.

Possible Answers:

susceptible

pleonastic

formal

material

intangible

Correct answer:

intangible

Explanation:

The word "substantial" can mean that something is not ideal but instead is real and tangible. (Something "tangible" can be touched. This is related to the word "tactile.") In contrast to something substantial, the word "intangible"—not touchable—is an excellent antonym.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym of "opaque" is __________.

Possible Answers:

adoring

vociferous

translucent

understanding

deluded

Correct answer:

translucent

Explanation:

When something is "opaque," that thing prevents light from passing through it. For example, a house wall is opaque to the light in a given room, preventing it from passing into the next room. In contrast to this, the windows in the room are "translucent," meaning that they allow light through them. This word comes from the combination of the prefix "trans-," meaning across, and "lucent," which comes from light. Translucent surfaces literally allow light to shine through or across them.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives Describing Appearance, Materiality, And Sensory Imagery

Select the answer choice that most nearly means the opposite of the word in capital letters.

PLACID

Possible Answers:

Tranquil

Innocent

Excitable

Aggravating

Perplexed

Correct answer:

Excitable

Explanation:

"Placid" is an adjective that can mean calm; not easily excited when talking about a living organism. It can also mean calm when describing water. When taking a test, if there is more than one meaning for a word, it is best to look at all of the possible answers and eliminate the ones that don't fit any definition.

Using this strategy, we can eliminate "tranquil," because it means peaceful. This is a synonym of "placid," not an antonym.

"Perplexed" can also be eliminated because it means confused. This is not the opposite of "calm."

"Innocent" means harmless and free of guilt. Again, this is not the opposite of calm.

This leaves us with two possibilities: "excitable" and "aggravating." "Excitable" is an adjective meaning easily excited. "Aggravating" is an adjective meaning irritating. "Excitable" is the best antonym for the first definition of "placid."

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives Describing Authenticity, Truth, Existence, And Understanding

An antonym of "veracious" is __________.

Possible Answers:

minimal

deceitful

immense

maximal

reflected

Correct answer:

deceitful

Explanation:

Most of the wrong answers are trying to make you think that the "ver-" at the beginning of "veracious" is the same as "very." However, this comes from the Latin for truth. Someone is called "veracious" when he or she is truthful. (Likewise, words are called "veracious" when they are truthful.) The best contrast to this is "deceitful," which is quite opposed to being truthful.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives Describing Authenticity, Truth, Existence, And Understanding

An antonym of "authentic" is __________.

Possible Answers:

regulated

upright

despised

believable

forgery

Correct answer:

forgery

Explanation:

When something is authentic, it is accepted as being genuine—not judged as being a fake version of something. Sometimes, people will speak of a person as being "authentic," implying that he or she is not fake in his or her self-presentation; however, for this question, the general sense is "authentic" as genuine. A forgery is far from being a genuine version—it is a faked version meant to trick people. (Think of a forged signature.)

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym of "nascent" is __________.

Possible Answers:

forging

waxing

destroyed

overcome

dying

Correct answer:

dying

Explanation:

The word "nascent" comes from roots similar to those of "natal" and "nativity." These words all have to do with birth or coming to birth. Here, the sense is of something that is coming into existence—a nascent idea or a nascent personality trait (or something else of the like). In contrast to this, something dying is ending its time of existence and development.

Example Question #2 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym to "illiterate" is __________.

Possible Answers:

loud

persistent

suspicious

educated

humble

Correct answer:

educated

Explanation:

"Illiterate" means not literate or able to read. Since literacy is a basic part of education, an illiterate person is almost certain to be uneducated. None of the other words are relevant to the idea of literacy.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym of "monumental" is __________.

Possible Answers:

varying

intricate

trifling

distinct

distasteful

Correct answer:

trifling

Explanation:

We create a monument to remember some kind of great event or person. When something is described as being "monumental," that thing is being noted for its importance. In contrast to this, "trifling" means trivial or unimportant. "Trifles" are small and unimportant matters.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym of "trite" is __________.

Possible Answers:

recondite

banal

intellectual

repetitive

consequential

Correct answer:

consequential

Explanation:

When something is trite, it is overused or repeated to the point of being of little worth or help. For instance, a trite expression is one that is so common that everyone knows it; therefore, it helps very little even to repeat it. In contrast to this, something that is "consequential" is important—as though it were something "having great consequences".

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Adjectives And Adverbs

An antonym of "elementary" is __________.

Possible Answers:

aged

elderly

accomplished

foreseen

intricate

Correct answer:

intricate

Explanation:

The adjective "elementary" means simple or pertaining to the elements (i.e. the basic parts). We call the first stage of education "elementary school" because it represents the place where beginning concepts are taught. In contrast to such simple matters, an "intricate" problem or affair is something that is complex and difficult.

← Previous 1 3 4 5 6
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors