GRE Subject Test: Psychology : Theories of Intelligence

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Psychology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Theories Of Intelligence

Which of the following terms is used to describe the increase in IQ scores over the past century?

Possible Answers:

Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory

Flynn effect

Zeigarnik effect

Hawthorne effect

Correct answer:

Flynn effect

Explanation:

The "Flynn effect" describes the increase in IQ scores that has been observed over the past century. On the other hand, the "Zeigarnik effect" is the tendency to remember unfinished tasks better than completed ones. The "Hawthorne effect" is the change in people's behaviors while they are being observed, and can occur in research subjects. Last, the "Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory" or CHC theory is the most supported intelligence theory, and states that intelligence includes three strata: general ability or "g," broad abilities, and several narrow abilities. 

Example Question #1 : Thinking

Which of the following situations is an example of using fluid (Gf) intelligence abilities?

Possible Answers:

Bob can recite all of the former presidents of the United States from memory. 

Bob remembers how to ride a bike even after not riding one for several years. 

Bob is given a math problem using concepts he has never tackled before but is able to arrive at the correct answer. 

Bob solves a math equation using familiar formulas. 

Correct answer:

Bob is given a math problem using concepts he has never tackled before but is able to arrive at the correct answer. 

Explanation:

Fluid intelligence involves the ability to reason and solve novel problems. The example of Bob solving an unfamiliar math problem is the only example that involves a novel situation. Bob being able to recite the former presidents and solve a math problem using familiar formulas are examples of crystallized intelligence (Gc), which refers to stored knowledge. Bob remembering how to ride a bike does not fit into Gc and Gf theory, but rather is an example of procedural/implicit memory. 

Example Question #2 : Thinking

Who is often considered the father of the multiple intelligences theory?

Possible Answers:

Howard Gardner

Mary Ainsworth

Sigmund Freud

Jakob Pietschnig

Stuart Richie

Correct answer:

Howard Gardner

Explanation:

Howard Gardner is the father of the theory of Multiple Intelligences, which divides intellectual intelligence into seven different modalities (music, logical/mathematical, bodily/kinesthetic, visual/spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic). 

All GRE Subject Test: Psychology Resources

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