All GMAT Math Resources
Example Question #1 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
The perimeter of a regular hexagon is 72 centimeters. To the nearest square centimeter, what is its area?
This regular hexagon can be seen as being made up of six equilateral triangles, each formed by a side and two radii; each has sidelength centimeters. The area of one triangle is
There are six such triangles, so multiply this by 6:
Example Question #2 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
What is the maximum possible area of a quadrilateral with a perimeter of 48?
A quadrilateral with the maximum area, given a specific perimeter, is a square. Since and a square has four equal sides, the max area is
Example Question #3 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
A man wants to design a room such that, looking from above, it appears as a trapezoid with a square attached (shown below). The area of the entire room is to be 100 square meters. The red line shown bisects the dotted line and has a length of 15. How many of the following answers are possible values for the length of one side of the square?
Let denote the length of one side of a square. This is also the top of the trapezoid. Let denote the bottom of the trapezoid. Finally, let be the height of the trapezoid. The area of the trapezoid is then while the area of the square is .
We then have the total area as 100, so:
Now we know that the red line has length 15. is the region of this line that is in the trapezoid. What we notice, however, is that the remainder is precisely the length of one side of a square. So or
Rewriting the previous equation:
This is now an equation of 2 variables and we can easily cross out answers by plugging in possible values. What we find is that for , respectively. For we get , which is too small ( must be greater than ). For we get .
Example Question #4 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
What is the area of a regular octagon with sidelength 10?
The area of a regular polygon is equal to one-half the product of its apothem - the perpendicular distance from the center to a side - and its perimeter.
The perimeter of the octagon is
From the diagram below, the apothem of the octagon is .
is one half of the sidelength, or 5. can be seen to be the length of a leg of a triangle with hypotenuse 10, or
This makes the apothem .
The area is therefore
Example Question #5 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
What is the area of a regular hexagon with sidelength 10?
A regular hexagon can be seen as a composite of six equilateral triangles, each of whose sidelength is the sidelength of the hexagon:
Each of the triangles has area
Substitute to get
Multiply this by 6: , the area of the hexagon.
Example Question #6 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
What is the area of the figure with vertices ?
This figure can be seen as a composite of two simple shapes: the rectangle with vertices , and the triangle with vertices .
The rectangle has length and height , so its area is the product of these dimensions, or .
The triangle has as its base the length of the horizontal segment connecting and , which is ; its height is the vertical distance from the other vertex to this segment, which is . The area of this triangle is half the product of the base and the height, which is .
Add the areas of the rectangle and the triangle to get the total area:
Example Question #7 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
Note: Figure NOT drawn to scale
What is the area of the above figure?
Assume all angles shown in the figure are right angles.
This figure can be seen as a smaller rectangle cut out of a larger one; refer to the diagram below.
We can fill in the missing sidelengths using the fact that a rectangle has congruent opposite sides. Once this is done, we can multiply length times height of both rectangles to get the area of each, and subtract areas:
Example Question #8 : Calculating The Area Of A Polygon
The following picture represents a garden with a wall built around it. The garden is represented by , the gray area,; and the wall is represented by the white area.
and are both squares and the area of the garden is equal to the area of the wall.
The length of is .
Find the area of the wall.
AB's length is 7 so the area of ABCD is:
The garden area (EFGH) is equal to the wall area .