Calculus 1 : How to find distance

Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : How To Find Distance

Find the midpoint of the line segment connecting the points (-1,0,5) and (3,4,1).

(1,2,3)
(2,-2,3)
(-1,2,3)
(4,2,2)
(2,2,3)
Explanation:

The coordinates of the midpoint are simply the averages of the coordinates of the two points .

([-1+3]/2, [0+4]/2, [5+1]/2)

=(2/2, 4/2, 6/2)

=(1,2,3)

Example Question #2 : How To Find Distance

If the acceleration of a body at time t is given by a(t) = cos(t) + 6, what is the displacement of this particle from time t = 2 to time t = 4 if its initial velocity was 4 m / s?

64.65 m

647.12 m

44.24 m

20.42 m

44.24 m

Explanation:

To solve for this displacement, we can take the double integral of a(t). For simplicity, let us define things as follows:

v(t) = ∫(a(t) dt) and s(t) = ∫(v(t) dt)

The integrals are rather simple:

v(t) = sin(t) + 6t + c1

To solve for c1, we know that at t = 0, the initial velocity was 4. This means v(0) = sin(0) + 6 * 0 + c1 = 4; sin(0) = 0, so we know c1 = 4

Therefore, v(t) = sin(t) + 6t + 4

s(t) = –cos(t) + 3t2 + 4 * t + c2  (The final constant will drop out when we solve.)

Since we know that the body's position is always increasing (based on the initial positive velocity and an acceleration that must always be positive based on its equation), the total displacement is merely found by subtracting s(2) from s(4):

s(4) = –cos(4) + 3*42 + 16 + c2 = –cos(4) + 48 + 16 + c2 = –cos(4) + 64 + c2

s(2) = –cos(2) + 3*22 + 8 + c2 = –cos(2) + 12 + 8 + c2 = –cos(2) + 20 + c2

s(4) - s(2) = –cos(4) + 64 + cos(2) – 20 = 44.237496784317 (approx.) or 44.24

Example Question #3 : How To Find Distance

The velocity of a given particle at time t is given by the equation v(t) = 4t – 3

How far did the particle travel from time t = 4 to time t = 8?

84

20

104

64

84

Explanation:

To find the change in position, we must take the definite integral of the velocity function

∫[4, 8](4t – 3)dt = [4, 8](2t2 – 3t) = (2 * 82 – 3 * 8) – (2 * 42 – 3 * 4)

= 2 * 64 – 24 – (2 * 16 – 12) = 104 – 20 = 84

Example Question #4 : How To Find Distance

The velocity of an object, in meters per second, is given by the following equation:

Find the distance traveled by the object from  to  seconds.

Explanation:

To find the distance traveled by the object over a certain amount of time, we need an equation for its position. We are given an equation for its velocity, so if we integrate that equation from t=1 to t=2 seconds we'll obtain the distance traveled by the object over that interval:

Example Question #5 : How To Find Distance

Find the distance traveled by an object from  to  seconds if the velocity of the object, in m/s, is described by the following equation:

Explanation:

In order to find the distance traveled by an object we need an equation for position. If velocity is the derivative of position, then we must integrate the given equation from t=2 to t=5 to find the total distance traveled by the object over that interval:

Example Question #6 : How To Find Distance

Find the midpoint of the line segment connecting the points  and .

None of these answers are correct.

Explanation:

To find the midpoint between the two points, the average of the coordinates can be taken:

Where  and

Plugging in these values we find our midpoint.

Example Question #7 : How To Find Distance

If the acceleration of an object at time  is given by , what is the displacement of this particle from  to , if its initial velocity was .

Explanation:

To find the displacement of the object, we can integrate the equation for acceleration twice.

Integrating the acceleration equation once will give:

Because the initial velocity = 2, we can set . Therefore,

Therefore, .

We can now use this in the velocity equation to give

integrating the velocity equation from  to  will give the distance

Example Question #8 : How To Find Distance

The velocity of a particle at time  is given by the equation . How far does this particle travel from  to ?

Explanation:

To find the distance travelled, we must integrate the velocity equation

Example Question #9 : How To Find Distance

Find the distance from the first point to the second point.

First point:

Second point:

Explanation:

To find the distance between two points we need to find the difference of the x-coordinates and y-coordinates between the two points.

So the x-coordinate is

The y-coordinate is

So the x-coordinate and y-coordinate is

The distance can be calculated by

So plugging in

Example Question #10 : How To Find Distance

Assume that two students are each walking on a circular path. We further suppose that these paths are centered at the origin. The radius of the first one is , and the radius of the second is . One student stopped walking and is located at . What is the distance between the two students if other one is walking on the upper half of the circle of radius ?

Explanation:

We will use the distance formula to show this result. Recall that having two points with coordinates , then the distance between this two points is given by:

.  We will call the first fixed point . To find the second point, note that the equation of the circle with radius 1 is given by:

.  Since we are looking for the upper half, we have by solving for y:

( We need only the upper half in this case , that is why y is .

Hence our second point is .

Using the distance formula we have:

We need to simplify this expression a bit:

this gives finally after cancelling and adding:

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