AP Spanish : Spanish Essentials

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Spanish

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Spanish Vocabulary: Adjectives

Which adjective, when used in the blank, creates a logical and grammatically correct sentence?

Los platos están __________, pues hay que lavarlos.

Possible Answers:

sucios

sucio

sucias

rotos

Correct answer:

sucios

Explanation:

The correct answer is "sucios" (dirty) because it agrees in number and gender with "los platos" and because it makes sense in context. The answer choice "rotos" (broken) wouldn't make sense because there's no reason to wash broken plates.

English translation: "The plates are dirty, so one must wash them."

Example Question #1 : Spanish Essentials

Which adjective properly completes the sentence?

El dispositivo electrónico no está cargando; me parece que estar __________.

Possible Answers:

involucrado

calificado

maltratado

roto

Correct answer:

roto

Explanation:

Based on context, only "roto," which means broken, would fit in this sentence. "Calificado" means qualified or proven, "maltratado" means mistreated or abused, and "involucrado" means involved (in something).

English translation: "The electronic device is not charging; it seems to me that it is broken."

Example Question #1 : Spanish Essentials

Which adjective properly completes the sentence?

No tengo hermanos; soy un hijo _______.

Possible Answers:

único

únicos

primera

segundo

Correct answer:

único

Explanation:

Both "único" (only) and "segundo" (second) agree in number and gender with "hijo;" however, only "único" (only) fits in context, as it would not make sense for someone to say that they are an "hijo segundo" (second child) if that person is claiming not to have any siblings.

English translation: "I do not have siblings; I am an only child."

Example Question #1 : Comparative And Superlative Adjectives In Spanish

Fill in the blank with the correct answer. 

Esta cama es __________ que esa cama. 

Possible Answers:

la peor

peora

peor

más mal

más peor

Correct answer:

peor

Explanation:

The correct answer is "peor." "Peor" is the comparative version of the adjective "mal," so "más mal" and "más peor" cannot exist in Spanish. Likewise because of the context, "la peor;" "the worst" cannot be used in a comparison, only as a superlative. "Peor" is an adjective that does not change based on gender, so "peora" is also wrong.

Example Question #1 : Ap Spanish Language

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer. 

Tengo __________ del mundo. 

Possible Answers:

el mejore perro

el mejor perro

el más buen perro

el perro más bueno

el perro mejor

Correct answer:

el mejor perro

Explanation:

The superlative version of the adjective "bueno;" "good" is "el mejor." "Mejor" goes before the noun.

Example Question #3 : Spanish Essentials

Which of the following words would NOT be used to describe “las ventanas”?

 

 

Possible Answers:

Graciosas

Rotas

Abiertas

Cerradas

Correct answer:

Graciosas

Explanation:

Las ventanas means “windows” in English; therefore, abiertas (open), cerradas (closed), and rotas (broken) could all be used to describe windows. Graciosas (funny) is an adjective more commonly used to describe people. 

 

 

Example Question #3 : Ap Spanish Language

Which of these is the correct object of the verb?

Monté a __________ y salí del rancho.

Possible Answers:

paloma

cerdo

coche

caballo

Correct answer:

caballo

Explanation:

Montar is the verb used to get on, or ride, a horse or mule; thus the only valid option is caballo.

Example Question #1 : Spanish Vocabulary: Nouns

Which noun best completes the sentence?

Mi madre no puede cocinar, porque __________ no está funcionando.

Possible Answers:

la puerta

el horno

la radio

el armario

Correct answer:

el horno

Explanation:

The question translates to "my mother cannot cook because __________ isn't working." The only logical answer is that el horno, the oven, isn't working.

Example Question #1 : Spanish Vocabulary: Nouns

Which of these is the correct object of the verb?

Conduje mi __________ a mi oficina ayer.

Possible Answers:

maquina

casa

coche

cerdo

Correct answer:

coche

Explanation:

"Conducir" means to drive a vehicle, so the only correct answer in formal Spanish from the list above is "coche," car.  While "maquina" is sometimes used informally for vehicle, it is not formal Spanish. "Cerdo" means pig, and "casa" means house.

English translation: "I drove my car to my office yesterday."

Example Question #1 : Ap Spanish Language

Which word does not belong in this group?

Possible Answers:

El acuerdo

La amistad

La guerra

La paz

Correct answer:

La guerra

Explanation:

The question asks the student if they are familiar with various vocabulary words used throughout their Spanish studies. "La paz" (peace), "la amistad" (friendship), and "el acuerdo" (agreement) all fit together; however, "la guerra" (war) represents conflict and does not belong in this group.

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