AP Art History : 2D Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : 2 D Art

Bayeuxtapestryscene57

The upper and lower bands in this work of art generally show ______________________.

Possible Answers:

illustrations of agriculture, animals, and technology common to the Normans

symbols of royal power significant to the Dukes of Normandy

a visual commentary on the events depicted in the main portion

excerpts from the life of William the Conqueror that do not fit chronologically in the main body

Correct answer:

illustrations of agriculture, animals, and technology common to the Normans

Explanation:

The upper and lower bands of the Bayeux Tapestry depict a wide variety of images, with the only running theme being that they are everyday scenes which bear little relation to the main story of William's Conquest of England. Usually, these depict agricultural or rural scenes, but also include new pieces of technology such as the harrow, a fashionable agricultural implement.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Odo_bayeux_tapestry.png

Example Question #42 : 2 D Art

A work such as the Vienna Genesis was illuminated in order to ________________.

Possible Answers:

preserve artistic methods common in Ancient Israel but dying in the Byzantine Empire

communicate important stories to non-literate church members

make the literal text of Genesis itself a work of art

present a particular reading of scripture to its readers

Correct answer:

communicate important stories to non-literate church members

Explanation:

The Vienna Genesis, one of the earliest illustrated manuscripts still in existence, presents the first book of the Bible in the top half of the page with brightly colored illustrations covering the lower half. Created among the Christian communities of the Ancient Near East in about the Sixth Century C.E., the Vienna Genesis was more than just the scripture. An illustrated manuscript was extremely expensive to make and would have been a prized possession of the church where it resided, and the illustrations allowed the large amount of illiterate members to understand the stories presented on each page.

Example Question #5 : Answering Other Questions About Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval 2 D Art

"Byzantine Iconoclasm" refers to a time period in the history of the Byzantine Empire when __________.

Possible Answers:

depictions of saints became dramatically more lifelike

painting became the preferred method of showing religious images instead of mosaics

images of Jesus Christ were preferred to those of the Virgin Mary

religious images were opposed by church leaders

Correct answer:

religious images were opposed by church leaders

Explanation:

The term "iconoclasm" in art generally refers to any attempts to ban religious imagery or iconography. In the Byzantine Empire, such a movement occurred in two separate waves, once in the eighth century and again in the early ninth century. This was particularly notable, as the Greek Orthodox Church had traditionally utilized icons in a variety of religious capacities.

Example Question #44 : 2 D Art

Meister von san vitale in ravenna 003

The men placed to the right of the central figure in this work of art are ___________________.

Possible Answers:

a royal family

military officers

political advisers

members of the clergy

Correct answer:

members of the clergy

Explanation:

The Justinian Panel, shown here and placed in the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravena, Italy, portrays the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I surrounded by important officials. To the left of the work (on the Emperor's right hand side) are military and political officials, while to the right of the work (on the left of the Emperor) are religious and church leaders. In addition to their positioning, the figures on the right of the work are clad in white robes with incense, shawls, and sacred texts, all traditional trappings of the clergy.

Image accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emperor_Justinian_%26_entourage_in_St_Vitale,_Ravenna.JPG

Example Question #41 : 2 D Art

In religious art from the Middle Ages, St. Stephen is identifiable through __________.

Possible Answers:

arrows in his side

his holding a set of keys

a stone in his head

a crown of thorns

Correct answer:

a stone in his head

Explanation:

St. Stephen is sometimes referred to as "the Protomartyr," as he was the first martyr recounted in the Bible, as his testimony of a vision of Christ to the Jewish leadership caused him to be stoned. This story made him immensely popular from the rise of Christianity through the Middle Ages, and St. Stephen became a common depiction in icons, paintings, and stained glass. St. Stephen is recognizable through having a stone implanted in his skull.

Example Question #2 : Romanesque 2 D Art

What is the difference between the Greek cross and the Latin cross?

Possible Answers:

The Greek cross has four short arms, but the Latin cross has a shorter vertical piece with longer side arms.

The Latin cross has four short arms, but the Greek cross has a shorter vertical piece with longer side arms.

The Latin cross has four equal arms, but the Greek cross has a longer vertical piece with shorter arms.

The Greek cross has four equal arms, but the Latin cross has a longer vertical piece with shorter arms.

Correct answer:

The Greek cross has four equal arms, but the Latin cross has a longer vertical piece with shorter arms.

Explanation:

The Greek cross has four equal-sized arms. The Latin cross has a longer vertical section with shorter arms on the sides.

 

Example Question #3 : Romanesque 2 D Art

What is a nimbus?

Possible Answers:

A vestibule of a church

A cross arm of a basilica

A handwritten manuscript

A cloud in the background of a landscape

A halo surrounding the head of a painted holy figure

Correct answer:

A halo surrounding the head of a painted holy figure

Explanation:

A nimbus is a halo that appears painted around the head of a holy figure to symbolize his or her divinity.

Example Question #42 : Ap Art History

What is vellum?

Possible Answers:

Lambskin surface for painting

Calfskin surface for painting

Chicken skin surface for painting

Human skin surface for painting

Correct answer:

Calfskin surface for painting

Explanation:

Vellum is a calfskin surface prepared for painting. It is often used for manuscripts (handwritten documents or scrolls).

Example Question #3 : Romanesque 2 D Art

What does an image of Christ Pantocrater depict?

Possible Answers:

Christ as the cruel king

Christ as the ruler of all

Christ after his crucifixion

Christ as a newborn

Correct answer:

Christ as the ruler of all

Explanation:

The image of Christ Pantocrater suggests that Christ is the all-powerful ruler and judge of humanity. It is a popular depiction in many Byzantine churches.

Example Question #4 : Romanesque 2 D Art

This artistic and architectural movement of 1000 BCE to the fourteenth century is responsible for the widespread usage of stained glass in European churches and cathedrals.

Possible Answers:

Rococo

The Byzantine Empire

The Renaissance

Baroque

Romanesque

Correct answer:

Romanesque

Explanation:

Although there are an unfortunate few surviving examples of Romanesque stained glass, the first examples of stained glass are remnants from the beginning of the Romanesque era. The larger quantities of stained glass from the Romanesque period have been dated to its later years.

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