ACT Math : Pentagons

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ACT Math

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Example Questions

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Example Question #21 : Plane Geometry

Suppose the side length of a pentagon is . What is the area of the pentagon?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Write the formula for the area of a pentagon.

Substitute the side length and simplify the radical.

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Perimeter Of A Pentagon

One side of a regular pentagon is . Find the perimeter of the pentagon. 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

In a regular pentagon, all of the sides are the same length.

The perimeter can then be found by summing all  sides or multiplying  by

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Perimeter Of A Pentagon

Pent2751

 

What is the perimeter of the regular pentagon pictured above?

Possible Answers:

The answer cannot be determined.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The key word in this question is "regular." Since the pentagon is regular, all of its sides are equal. This means that it, in fact, looks like:

Pent2752

The perimeter for this is simply  or .

Example Question #3 : How To Find The Perimeter Of A Pentagon

A regular pentagon has a side length of . Find its perimeter.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Because we're told the pentagon is a regular polygon, this means that all of its sides are the same length. That is, the side lengths are congruent.

In order to solve for the perimeter, which is the sum of all sides, we can use a multiplication shortcut of:

, where  is perimeter,  is length of the sides, and  is the number of sides of the polygon. 

Using the information given in the problem, the values can be substituted in.

Note that this math is the same as adding  five times:

Example Question #1 : How To Find An Angle In A Pentagon

Pentex11

The figure above is a pentagon.  All of the angles listed (except the interior one) are exterior angles to the pentagon's interior angles.

What is the value of  in the figure above?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

There are two key things for a question like this. The first is to know that a polygon has a total degree measure of:

, where  is the number of sides.

Therefore, a hexagon like this one has:

Next, you should remember that all of the exterior angles listed are supplementary to their correlative interior angles. This lets you draw the following figure: 

Pentex12

Now, you just have to manage your algebra well. You must sum up all of the interior angles and set them equal to . Thus, you can write:

Solve for :

Example Question #1 : How To Find An Angle In A Pentagon

Pentex21

The figure above is a pentagon.  All of the angles listed (except the interior one) are exterior angles to the pentagon's interior angles.

 

What is the value of the largest unknown angle in the figure above?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

There are two key things for a question like this. The first is to know that a polygon has a total degree measure of:

, where  is the number of sides.

Therefore, a hexagon like this one has:

.

Next, you should remember that all of the exterior angles listed are supplementary to their correlative interior angles. This lets you draw the following figure: 

 Pentex22

Now, you just have to manage your algebra well. You must sum up all of the interior angles and set them equal to . Thus, you can write:

Solve for :

Now, you have to find the largest unknown angle, which is :

Example Question #3 : How To Find An Angle In A Pentagon

What is the sum of three angles in a pentagon?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The sum of all angles is determined by the following formula for a polygon:

In a pentagon, there are 5 sides, or .  Substitute and find the total possible angle in a pentagon.

There are 5 interior angles in a pentagon.  Divide the total possible angle by 5 to determine the value of one interior angle.

Each interior angle of a pentagon is 108 degrees.

The sum of three angles in a pentagon is:

 

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