### All ACT Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #11 : Permutation / Combination

In permutation notation, what does 8P4 represent?

**Possible Answers:**

1680

210

336

6720

**Correct answer:**

1680

The expression 8P4 represents the number of permutations of 8 objects arranged 4 at a time. Thus, 8 x 7 x 6 x 5 = 1680

### Example Question #1 : How To Find Permutation Notation

How many different ways can five books be lined up on a shelf?

**Possible Answers:**

100

120

80

60

150

**Correct answer:**

120

Order matters, so we use permutations: (5)(4)(3)(2)(1) = 120

There are five possibilities for the first book, four possibilities for the second book, three for the third, and two for the fourth, and one possibility for the last book.

### Example Question #1721 : Act Math

How many different ways can cheese slices be stacked in piles containing unique types if you are presented with a selection of different cheeses? (Presume that the order of the cheese slices does matter.)

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Since the order matters, you are dealing with a permutation in this question. A permutation like this could be done with the equation:

For our values, this would be:

However, it is easiest just to think of this like it has slots. Into the first, you have choices, into the second , and so forth. This generates for you

more easily.

This is . That is a lot of cheese arrangements!

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