Sociology : Sociological Thinking

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Sociology

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

The concept known as the “sociological imagination” was coined by which of the following sociologists?

Possible Answers:

Max Weber

C. Wright Mills

Karl Marx

Émile Durkheim

Erving Goffman

Correct answer:

C. Wright Mills

Explanation:

The concept known as the "sociological imagination" was coined by C. Wright Mills. Mills described the sociological imagination as a hyperawareness of the relationship between one's personal experiences and society as a whole. This awareness promotes critical thinking and the identification of the sociological forces that effect social phenomena and situations. As a result, the sociological imagination promotes sociological thought and the application of sociological theory to everyday events. 

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

The sociological imagination stresses that individuals should do which of the following?

Possible Answers:

See the connection between individual relationships/experiences and society

See yourself as others see you

Imagine ways to control the society around them

Be able to imagine societies of the future

Have the ability to see themselves in a better society

Correct answer:

See the connection between individual relationships/experiences and society

Explanation:

This term does not actually refer to using your imagination. This term does not relate imagining a society of the future or what societies that are wealthier their own are like. It refers to a persons rational ability that allows them to see how personal relationships fit into a bigger societal context. It also explains a persons ability to differentiate between a personal problems and societal problems. It does not ask people to see themselves as others do. The main emphasis is on understanding how your relationships fit into a societal structure.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

How individuals understand their and others' pasts in relation to both history and social structure is called __________.

Possible Answers:

social imagination

none of the other answer choices

figuration

social facts

social solidarity

Correct answer:

social imagination

Explanation:

Social imagination is how individual people understand their and others' pasts in relation to both history and social structure. Figuration is the simultaneous study of society and individuals. Social solidarity is any social ties that bind a group of people together. Social facts are the laws, moral values, religious beliefs, customs, fashions, rituals, and all of the cultural rules that govern social life and social interaction.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Macrolevel analysis examines which of the following aspects of society?

Possible Answers:

Social dynamics in individual lives

Large portions of societies

Whole societies and larger scale social structures

Small portions of societies

Portions of society that have high poverty rates

Correct answer:

Whole societies and larger scale social structures

Explanation:

Although the root word "macro" means large scale, this use of macrolevel means entire or whole and large scale. It does not simply mean a large portion of society . It is not a term that refers to social dynamics but many dynamics that encompass society as a whole It does not focus on whether an area is impoverished or wealthy. Because "macro" means whole, it can not aslo refer to small group dynamics.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Which of the following is a concept that a micro-analyst would study?

Possible Answers:

Symbols a group uses to communicate

Large scale social structures

Importance of social interaction

A sorority on a college campus

Behavior of a large group such as citizens of Australia

Correct answer:

A sorority on a college campus

Explanation:

Micro means small. A sorority is a small group within a large collegiate setting and therefore, the correct answer. Microanalysis does not address symbolism. Symbolism is not a factor of interest in this discipline. It does not study anything on a large scale such as entire populations of a nation. It may note interactions within small groups but will not study solely interaction as part of microanalysis research.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Max Weber's most noted contribution to sociology is that he believed which of the following beliefs?

Possible Answers:

Belief that children's rights should be foremost for societies

Belief that values are intertwined with research

Belief that it is important to understand how other members of society view the world

Belief that economics is the driving force in society

Belief that religion does not impact society

Correct answer:

Belief that it is important to understand how other members of society view the world

Explanation:

Weber strongly believed that sociological research must be value free so the researchers value system does not impact the study. He felt it was integral to any research to understand how citizens saw the world around them. He did believe that religious beliefs impact how we function and respond to situations. He did not address children's rights. He refuted the notion that economics is the driving force in how societies function.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Who is considered to be the founder of the discipline of sociology?

Possible Answers:

Auguste Comte

Karl Marx

Emile Durkheim

Herbert Spencer

Charles Darwin

Correct answer:

Auguste Comte

Explanation:

Compte created the term "sociology" using Greek and Latin words. Durkheim was French like Compte but was born closely to the end of Compte"s life. Spencer was born in Britain was more interested in evolution of social change. After Compte, Marx, Weber and Durkheim, helped to mold Sociology into the discipline we think of it as today.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Which following factor did not contribute to sociology becoming a discipline?

Possible Answers:

Urbanization

Industrialization

Symbolism

Globalization

Revolution

Correct answer:

Symbolism

Explanation:

Sociology does not focus on symbolism unless it is serving a minor role within how societies relate to each other.The rise of industrialization and urbanization created a need to study the phenomenon of leaving rural areas for the crowded cities. Globalization has also been an interest in sociological research because it relates to how countries relate to differing societies. Intellectual revolutions such as the enlightenment paved the way for how people thought about concepts such as social change.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Urbanization is the process by which a society does which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Leaves urban areas for the suburbs

Develops a belief that urban areas are violent

Remains unchanged demographically

Moves from a rural structure to the city

Believes it should focus more on producing items than consumerism

Correct answer:

Moves from a rural structure to the city

Explanation:

As industrialization occurs, people seek work away from the farms and move into urban areas. Urbanization changes the mindset of citizens from working in fields and farms as producers to becoming consumers in a city setting. Urbanization does change the demographics because many cultures frequently live together in urban areas. The definition of urbanization does not address whether an urban area is violent or not. Urbanization does not involve moving to suburbs but instead explores why people move to the city.

Example Question #1 : Sociological Thinking

Herbert Bloomer and G. Herbert Mead are associated with which of the following sociological perspectives?

Possible Answers:

Symbolic-interactionalist perspective

Functionalist perspective

Postmodern perspective

Conflict perspective

Pre-modern perspective 

Correct answer:

Symbolic-interactionalist perspective

Explanation:

Herbert Bloomer is most often credited with creating the term symbolic interactionism. Mead and Bloomer were part of the Chicago School. They believed that a persons symbolic actions and behaviors within a group help to create social meaning. Conflict perspective is associated with Max Weber and Karl Marx. Functionalist perspective is commonly related to works of Talcott Parson's and Robert Merton. Postmodern perspective was not aligned with any one notable theorist. Pre-modern perspective does not exist.

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