AP World History : War and Civil Conflict 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Warring States Period of Chinese history ushered in the brief reign of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Yuan Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

Qin Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

Correct answer:

Qin Dynasty

Explanation:

The Warring States Period of Chinese history lasted from approximately 476 BCE until 221 BCE It was a period of disorder and civil conflict in China as various states rose and declined in a seemingly interminable struggle for power. The 250 years of conflict came to an end in 221 BCE with the conquests of the Qin and the establishment of the short-lived Qin Dynasty under Qin Shi Huangdi.

Example Question #31 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which nomadic tribe changed history forever by invading Europe, triggering massive migration and population shakeups, breaking the power of the Roman Empire, and introducing horses to Europe?

Possible Answers:

The Goths

The Franks

The Visigoths

The Huns

Correct answer:

The Huns

Explanation:

While all of these tribes contributed in their own way to the breakdown of Roman power, they did so either fleeing or allying with the incoming Huns from Asia, who rode in on horseback, conquered most of Europe, and made Rome pledge allegiance to them. After the death of Attila the Hun, disease and infighting weakened the Hun's control of the Western Empire enough for their former vassals to break their control in 454 CE.

Their lasting influence was an enormous shakeup of European powers, tribal territories, and the introduction of horses and related technologies and techniques.

Example Question #32 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Who were the emperors during the Roman "Year of Four Emperors?"

Possible Answers:

Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian 

Tragan, Vespasian, Vitellius, Hadrian

Galba, Otho, Vespasian, Septimus Severus

Tragan, Galba, Vespasian, Otho

Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Nerva

Correct answer:

Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian 

Explanation:

Following the suicide of the Emperor Nero, the Roman Empire was thrown into flux. For the first time since Augustus, there was no clear successor to the throne and civil war ensued. Throughout 69 CE, Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian all holding power in areas of the empire. Vespasian would eventually win and start a dynasty of his own. 

Example Question #33 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Greeks collided most with which other Classical empire?

Possible Answers:

Maurya

Qin

Rome

Persia

Correct answer:

Persia

Explanation:

The Greeks collided the most with the Persians. These conflicts began when Cyrus the Great of Persia conquered a portion of Greece in 547 BCE. This incited a series of wars, which the Greeks ended up coming out victorious. The Greeks did not experience conflict with the Mauryans or the Qin dynasty because they were geographically separated by great distance. Furthermore, the Greeks and Romans actually engaged in a great deal of cross-cultural interactions.

Example Question #34 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Persian Wars began when __________.

Possible Answers:

Alexander the Great invaded and swiftly dismantled the Persian Empire

Ionian Greeks revolted against their Persian satraps

A unified alliance of Ancient Greek city-states launched an attack on Persian holdings in Sicily

Xerxes led an invasion force against the forces of Sparta

Darius I led an invasion force against the forces of Athens

Correct answer:

Ionian Greeks revolted against their Persian satraps

Explanation:

The Persian Wars began in 499 BCE and lasted until 450 BCE. The conflict was fought between the Persian Empire and various Greek city-states and culminated in victory for the Greeks at the Battle of Marathon. The wars began when Ionian Greeks, living under Persian control, in modern-day Turkey, revolted against the Persian authorities. The Greek city-states offered their support and earned the ire of the Persian emperors who vowed to conquer all of Greece.

Example Question #35 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Peloponnesian War was fought between __________.

Possible Answers:

Athens and Sparta

Sparta and Persia

an alliance of the Greek city-states and Persia

Athens and Persia

an alliance of the Greek city-states and Macedonia

Correct answer:

Athens and Sparta

Explanation:

The Peloponnesian War was fought between the forces of Athens and Sparta from 431 BCE until 404 BCE The war began as the culmination of centuries of rivalry between Athens, Sparta, and the other Greek city-states for dominance in the Aegean. It ended in the annihilation of the Athenian army and fleet and the destruction of Athens.

Example Question #36 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which Roman general famously crossed the Rubicon river in 49 BCE, leading to a civil war in the Republic?

Possible Answers:

Julius Caesar

Pompey the Great

Ovid

Marc Antony

Augustus Caesar

Correct answer:

Julius Caesar

Explanation:

Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BCE, specifically disobeying the Senate and practically declaring war on the Republic. Pompey was one of Julius's allies, although he himself did not cross the river along with Caesar. Augustus and Antony were allies, and then subsequently enemies, after the fall of Julius, however they too did not participate in the historic crossing. Ovid famously authored the Metamorphoses, but he was not a general, so he would not be a good choice.

Example Question #37 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Battle of Marathon ended in __________.

Possible Answers:

the temporary defeat of Persian forces before the conquest of Greece was completed a generation later

the complete subjugation of Sparta to Athens and the Delian League

the overwhelming defeat of the invading Persian forces by the Greek defenders

the complete annihilation of the city of Athens at the hands of Spartan soldiers

victory for the Persian forces and the reconquest of Ionian Greeks

Correct answer:

the overwhelming defeat of the invading Persian forces by the Greek defenders

Explanation:

The Battle of Marathon took place in 490 BCE, part of the initial war between the Greek city-states and the Persian Empire. The battle ended in an overwhelming defeat of the invading Persians by a combined force of Greek city-states led by Athens. It was a turning point in the war, as the Greeks managed to gain the upper hand for the first time since conflict had begun.

Example Question #39 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which Ptolemaic Egypt ruler allied with Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium?

Possible Answers:

Pompey the Great

Ramesses II

Cleopatra

Scipio Africanus

Tutankhamun

Correct answer:

Cleopatra

Explanation:

Mark Antony had been a longtime ally of Julius Caesar and following the latter’s death, Antony ruled as part of the Second Triumvirate with Octavian and Marcus Lepidus. Over time Antony came to live in Alexandria, the capital of Ptolemaic Egypt, where he fathered children with the Egyptian Pharaoh Cleopatra. The Battle of Actium was the climax of the civil war between Mark Antony and Octavian and ended in the total destruction of Cleopatra and Antony’s fleet.

Example Question #37 : War And Civil Conflict

Lucius Sulla is generally remembered for __________.

Possible Answers:

codifying the constitution of the Roman Republic

conquering the British Isles for the Roman Empire

defeating Hannibal and the Carthaginian Empire in the Second Punic War

founding Vatican City

permanently destabilizing the Roman Republic

Correct answer:

permanently destabilizing the Roman Republic

Explanation:

Lucius Sulla was a Roman military commander during the second and first centuries BCE. He led an armed march on the city of Rome during the Roman Civil Wars and had himself crowned dictator (a position which had been retired for more than a century). His actions permanently destabilized the Roman Republic and encouraged the rise of Julius Caesar and the Roman Empire.

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