AP Art History : 2D Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

The main reason few ancient Roman paintings survive is __________.

Possible Answers:

Roman painting is of such a low artistic quality it was not preserved

most Roman artwork was destroyed by early Christians

Romans so favored sculpture that they did not have many paintings

the paint used by Romans has not easily survived

Correct answer:

the paint used by Romans has not easily survived

Explanation:

The visual arts in Ancient Rome were well-respected across a number of genres, including painting, sculpture, and ceramics. Painting, according to ancient sources, was valued as highly as the other forms of art, but very little of it has survived to the present day. Among the well-preserved examples of Roman painting are those from the sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were all buried under volcanic ash, rather than having the paint exposed to the elements.

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

______________ was/were the frequent subject of art during the time period of Imperial Rome. 

Possible Answers:

Individuals of the Republic

Gods/Deities

War Heroes

The emperor, Caesar

Correct answer:

The emperor, Caesar

Explanation:

The emperor (or Caesar) was often the subject of imperial art. The Romans saw their emperor as both a religious and political figure and celebrated their position through their art forms. Similar to the pharaohs of Egypt, the emperor was considered a "God" in his own right. 

Example Question #11 : Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

What was the main function of Roman art?

Possible Answers:

To demonstrate ancestral history

The expression of moral ideals

Decoration

To show emotional connection

Correct answer:

Decoration

Explanation:

The Romans were proud of their art and used it mostly for showing off to others and decoration. After Pompeii was excavated, it was obvious that the Romans liked adding decoration to not only their home, but also everyday objects such as utensils and furniture.

Example Question #2 : Answering Other Questions About Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

What was NOT considered inspiration for classical Greek art and sculpture?

Possible Answers:

Beauty 

Religion

Battles

National pride 

Correct answer:

Battles

Explanation:

Classical Greek art took inspiration from beauty, nationalism and religion. These elements can be found throughout their architecture, paintings and sculptures. The beauty of Greek women were captured through paintings and sculptures of their form. Gods and deities are found throughout various pieces of art as well.

Example Question #2 : Answering Other Questions About Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

Which group of people is largely credited for inspiring Roman art and architecture?

Possible Answers:

Turks

Greeks

Babylonians

Mesopotamians

Correct answer:

Greeks

Explanation:

Art and architecture in Rome was greatly influenced by the Greeks. Greece was conquered by Rome in 146 BC and since then, Roman art was interwoven with Greek art.

Example Question #14 : 2 D Art

Vase paintings in Greece were not held in the highest regard, and are rarely mentioned in the era's literature.

What is so important about vase paintings that vases continued to be produced throughout the Greek states?

Possible Answers:

They were in high demand as status symbols.

They were extremely popular and therefore worth a lot of money.

They were simple means to convey religious ideals throughout the empire.

None of the other answers is correct.

They were extremely fragile and therefore often broke and needed to be replaced.

Correct answer:

They were simple means to convey religious ideals throughout the empire.

Explanation:

Most people in Ancient Greece could not read, and vase paintings were a simple and cheap method of conveying religious stories and myths that the common person could understand.

Example Question #1 : Analyzing Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval 2 D Art

In Medieval Art, a figure depicted wearing a robe of camel hair represents __________.

Possible Answers:

John the Evangelist

Peter

Paul the Apostle

John the Baptist

Correct answer:

John the Baptist

Explanation:

John the Baptist is one of the most significant figures in Christian history, and was a frequent figure in Medieval art. He is easily identified with his cloak of camel hair, a description taken from the Gospel of Mark. John the Baptist is also usually depicted with a dove, as both were seen as signals of the coming Messiah in Jesus Christ.

Example Question #2 : Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval 2 D Art

Bayeuxtapestryscene57

The intent behind the creation of this work of art is best stated to be _________________.

Possible Answers:

a counterpoint to English propaganda about the claim of William to the English throne

an historical record of the invasion of England by William, Duke of Normandy

a detailed reflection of a legendary founding myth

the glorification of William the Conqueror, King of England

Correct answer:

the glorification of William the Conqueror, King of England

Explanation:

The Bayeux Tapestry was notable as one of the first large scale pieces of art to celebrate and record a massive military victory in Europe since the Romans. As painting and sculpture had significantly faded in scale since the fall of the Roman Empire, tapestry was one of the few artistic mediums that was available to the Norman leaders who created it. With William the Conqueror being a foreign King in England, it also was created to glorify William and show the failings of the defeated English armies.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Odo_bayeux_tapestry.png

Example Question #2 : Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval 2 D Art

All of the following characterize Byzantine art except _________________.

Possible Answers:

figures seem to float above ground

backgrounds are usually gold

figures appear mostly flat

the style is strongly realistic and naturalistic

Correct answer:

the style is strongly realistic and naturalistic

Explanation:

Key words identifying Byzantine art are flat, floating, frontal, and gold. Rather than the realism and naturalism of Greco-Roman art, Byzantine art is focused on the spiritual or other-worldly. Therefore, it is less realistic, and shows its figures as more floating and unconnected with this world.

Example Question #1 : Analyzing Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval 2 D Art

Meister von san vitale in ravenna 003

The figure depicted in the center of this work is _________________.

Possible Answers:

Saint Peter

Jesus Christ

Saint Augustine of Hippo

Emperor Justinian I

Correct answer:

Emperor Justinian I

Explanation:

This work of art is known as "The Justinian Panel," precisely because it depicts the Emperor Justinian I of the Byzantine Empire, also known as the Eastern Roman Empire. Justinian reconquered the fallen Western portion of the Roman Empire, which included the Italian Peninsula, where this mosaic is located in Ravenna's Basilica of San Vitale, and he is appropriately represented in honor and glory. While surrounded by bishops and officials, Justinian is the only figure in the traditional "Tyrian purple" of Royalty in the Roman Empire and Medieval Europe, as well as being shown with a posthumous halo, showing his status as a Christian saint.

Image accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emperor_Justinian_%26_entourage_in_St_Vitale,_Ravenna.JPG

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