SAT II World History : Judaism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Judaism

Which of these major religions was the first to arise? 

Possible Answers:

Christianity

Confucianism

Sikhism

Judaism

Islam

Correct answer:

Judaism

Explanation:

Judaism was the first of these religions to arise; it is the first of the Abrahamic monotheistic religions. It was followed, in the west, by Christianity, and then Islam.

Example Question #1 : Judaism

The term "diaspora" refers to __________.

Possible Answers:

The funeral traditions of ancient Jewish culture

The enslavement of the Jewish people by the Pharaohs of Egypt

The holy writings of Jewish prophets found in the Torah

The relationship between Jewish people and the "gentiles"

The dispersal of Jewish people from their ideal homeland

Correct answer:

The dispersal of Jewish people from their ideal homeland

Explanation:

The term "Jewish diaspora" is used to refer to the forced dispersal of the Jewish people around Europe, the Middle East, and other locations around the world. The Jewish people have a long history of suffering and existing as a minority in empires, many of which were unfriendly or malevolent towards the Jews. At various times in Jewish history, the people have migrated to parts of Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas to escape persecution. This global collection of the Jewish population is referred to as the "diaspora."

Example Question #17 : World Religions

Who was the first Jewish king to unite all the tribes of Israel under one centralized government?

Possible Answers:

Moses

Jacob

David

Saul

Solomon

Correct answer:

Saul

Explanation:

The first Jewish king to unite the tribes of Israel under one centralized government was Saul, in approximately 1000 CE. He was succeeded by David, who was in turn followed by Solomon.

Example Question #2 : Judaism

The Jewish sacred book is called __________.

Possible Answers:

the Four Noble Truths

the Qu'ran

the Hadith

the Torah

the Bible

Correct answer:

the Torah

Explanation:

The Jewish sacred book is called the Torah; The Christian sacred book is called the Bible; The Islamic sacred book is called the Qu'ran. The Hadith is a collection of lessons and morals in the Islamic faith, and the Four Noble Truths are tenets of Buddhist philosophy. 

Example Question #3 : Judaism

According to Jewish tradition, where did Moses receive the Ten Commandments from God? 

Possible Answers:

Alexandria

Jerusalem

Mount Sinai

Mount of Beatitudes

Galilee

Correct answer:

Mount Sinai

Explanation:

According to Jewish religious tradition, Moses led the Jewish people out of Egypt and into the desert in search of the Holy Land. During their forty-year walk through the desert, God delivered the Ten Commandments to Moses when Moses was praying on Mount Sinai in modern-day eastern Egypt. 

Example Question #4 : Judaism

Which of these best describes the term "talmud"? 

Possible Answers:

The Jewish book of God

The distrusting, negative, and often violent relationship that has frequently existed between Jewish and non-Jewish people

The belief that the Jewish Messiah will one day come to Earth to provide salvation for his people

The forced dispersal of the Jewish population around Europe, and later, the world

A collection of Jewish lessons and laws passed down over generations

Correct answer:

A collection of Jewish lessons and laws passed down over generations

Explanation:

The Talmud is a Judaic text that contains lessons, laws, and rabbinical traditions passed down over generations as a guide to living a Jewish life. The term "diaspora" is used to refer to the forced spread of the Jewish population around the world.

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