ACT Math : How to multiply decimals

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ACT Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #12 : Hspt Mathematics

Gradechart

If Exam 1 is worth 25% of the total grade, Exam 2 is worth 25% and Exam 3 is worth 50%, what is Dave’s final grade?

Possible Answers:

83.5

85.75

84

79

82

Correct answer:

84

Explanation:

Final Grade = Exam1 * 0.25 + Exam 2 * 0.25 + Exam3 * 0.50 =

96*0.25 + 70*0.25 + 85*0.5 =

24 + 17.5 + 42.5 = 84

Example Question #1 : How To Multiply Decimals

A chemistry students needs to dilute some acid. How much water should be added to 2 L of 80% acid solution to yield 50% acid solution?

Possible Answers:

0.8 L

1.0 L

1.2 L

1.5 L

2.0 L

Correct answer:

1.2 L

Explanation:

Pure water would be 0% solution and pure solution would be 100%

V1P1 + V2P2 = VfPf

Let x = amount of water to add

x(0) + 2(0.80) = (x + 2)(0.50) which when solved gives x = 1.2 L

Example Question #13 : Hspt Mathematics

Kevin is looking at the blueprint of the house he is building. The scale is 1 inch = 5 feet. On paper, the master bedroom is 2.5 inches by 3 inches. What is the actual size of the bedroom?

Possible Answers:

15 ft x 25 ft

7.5 ft x 9 ft

10 ft x 10 ft

20 ft x 30 ft

12.5 ft x 15 ft

Correct answer:

12.5 ft x 15 ft

Explanation:

The given dimensions must be multiplied by 5, so 2.5 inches becomes 12.5 feet, and 3 inches becomes 15 feet.

Example Question #2 : How To Multiply Decimals

If , approximately how many inches are in one meter?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

and

Using the factor-label method we get the following equation.

We treat the units as if they are numbers, and can cancel the units from the fractions.

Example Question #3 : How To Multiply Decimals

A car has gas mileage of 46 miles per gallon. Assume that gas costs $3.90 per gallon. What would be the total cost of gas if the car traveled 1,150 miles?

Possible Answers:

$125.70

$179.40

$100.00

$97.50

$115.60

Correct answer:

$97.50

Explanation:

First find out how many gallons of gas the car consumed while traveling 1150 miles. This can be found out like so:

1150 miles x gallons/46 miles = 25 gallons

Multiplying 25 by $3.90 yields $97.50.

Example Question #1 : How To Multiply Decimals

Evaluate 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

First, 

Then, 

Example Question #21 : Other Decimals

You bought a dozen eggs marked at  and received  change from . What is the percent of sales tax?  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Set the equation up as 

 

Solve for , which equals  

or

Therefore the percent sales tax is: 

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