### All Trigonometry Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #21 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Solve the following equation for .

**Possible Answers:**

No solution exists

**Correct answer:**

; use the double angle identity for cosine

; distribute the 3 on the right side

; add the to both sides

; divide both sides by 8

; take the square root on both sides (Remember: it could be positive or negative)

; separate into two equations and take the inverse sine

and ; Use a calculator

and (calculator will give -0.659, but that is not in our range, so add to get 5.624)

The last two solutions are found using a unit circle. Since our x can be negative or positive this means that there is a corresponding value in all of the quadrants.

Similarly, we can get our last answer x= 3.801 as this is the x value in the third quadrant and is found by adding .

### Example Question #22 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

The equation represents the motion of a weight hanging on a spring after it has been pulled 6 inches below its equilibrium point and released. The variable represents the weight's position above or below the equilibrium point. For example, means the weight is **5 inches below** its equilibrium point. means the weight is **5 inches above **its equilibrium point. The variable represents the time, in seconds, after the weight was released.

Find the first 2 times the weight is **3 inches below** its equilibrium point.

**Possible Answers:**

Not enough information is given

No solution exists

**Correct answer:**

You are asked to find the first TWO times the the weight is **3 inches below** its equilibrium point. Since it is below the equilibrium, that 3 will be negative. The y variable is used to represent position so we need to have .

; now we solve. First, divide by -6.

; At this point, it may help to substitute a new variable. Once you get more practice with this type of problem, you can skip the substitution.

Let , then

; using a calculator or a unit circle diagram, find the first TWO angles that give us a cosing value of 1/2.

; bring back the variable t

; divide each solution by 3

.

### Example Question #23 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

The equation represents the motion of a weight hanging on a spring after it has been pulled 6 inches below its equilibrium point and released. The variable represents the weight's position above or below the equilibrium point. For example, means the weight is **5 inches below** its equilibrium point. means the weight is **5 inches above **its equilibrium point. The variable represents the time, in seconds, after the weight was released.

Find the first three times the weight is **1.5 inches above** its equilibrium point.

**Possible Answers:**

None of the other answers

No solution exists

**Correct answer:**

Similar to the previous question, we set up the equation with

; divide both sides by 3

; Use a substitution to make things easier

; take the inverse sine. Use a calculator or unit circle diagram to find the first THREE solutions (that is what the problem asked for).

; bring back the expression for u and separate your answers.

; solve each equation.

Notice that you will have to add for each equation, but all the other fractions have a denominator of 6.

; add to both sides of each equation.

; Divide by 4 in each equation

; And finally simplify

### Example Question #24 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Find the three smallest positive roots of the above equation.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

By the double angle identity, we can find

So to get the zeros, solve:

This means that any number that when doubled equals a multiple of 180 degrees is a zero. In this case that includes

But the question asks for the smallest positive roots which excludes the negative and zero roots, leaving 90, 180, 270

### Example Question #25 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Which of the following is **NOT** a solution to the equation below such that ?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Given the multiple choice nature of the problem, the easiest way to solve would be to simply plug in each answer and find the one that does not work.

However, we want to learn the math within the problem. We begin solving the equation by factoring

We then divide.

We then must remember that our left side is equivalent to something simpler.

We can therefore substitute.

We then must consider the angles whose cosine is . The two angles within the first revolution of the unit circle are and , but since our angle is , we need to consider the second revolution, which also gives us and .

But since is equal to each of these angles, we must divide them by 2 to find our answers. Therefore, we have

Therefore, there is only one answer choice that does not belong.

### Example Question #26 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Solve for . Give your answer in radians.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

We can factor the original expression as . This gives us 2 factors that we need to individually set equal to 0.

The simpler one is:

. The two values for x that give a cosine of 0 are and .

Now set the second factor equal to 0:

add 1 to both sides

divide by 2

. The two values for x that give a cosine of are and .

In total we have 4 answers,

### Example Question #27 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Solve for . Give your answer in radians.

**Possible Answers:**

No solution

**Correct answer:**

We can think of this equation as:

Then we can factor it as:

. Now we set both factors equal to 0 and solve.

The simpler one is . Sine is 0 when x is 0 or . would also work, although it is just another way of saying 0.

Now we will set the second factor equal to zero:

add to both sides

multiply both sides by

This must have no solution, because sine and cosine are never any larger than 1, and they are never 1 simultaneously. This means that our only answers are 0 and .

### Example Question #28 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Solve for , giving an answer in radians.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This expression can be factored as:

. We can solve by setting each factor equal to 0.

gives the answers since sine is 0 for those values of x.

To continue solving, set the second factor equal to 0:

add to both sides.

divide both sides by 2.

The values of x that give a sine of are and , so this equation has 4 solutions.

### Example Question #29 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Solve for :

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To solve, first add 3 to both sides:

square both sides

divide by 2

Consulting the unit circle, sine is positive when

### Example Question #30 : Solving Trigonometric Equations

Solve for :

**Possible Answers:**

No solution

**Correct answer:**

There are multiple solution paths, including using the quadratic formula. This ends up looking a little complicated, and realizing that is necessary. Here is a different way to solve this.

First, re-write the expression by simplifying the second term, and subtracting from both sides

We can see that two of these expressions involve the square root of 3. We can factor by grouping if we change the order the expressions are written in:

We can factor from the first two expressions and from the second two:

Since both groups have a factor of , we can re-write this as:

This gives us two solutions:

and

If the tangent is 1, that means that sine and cosine have the same measure and sign, so

If the tangent is , that means that cosine and sine have opposite signs, sine is and cosine is . So,

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