### All SSAT Upper Level Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #4 : Area Of A Parallelogram

A parallelogram has the base length of and the altitude of . Give the area of the parallelogram.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The area of a parallelogram is given by:

Where is the base length and is the corresponding altitude. So we can write:

### Example Question #5 : Area Of A Parallelogram

A parallelogram has a base length of which is 3 times longer than its corresponding altitude. The area of the parallelogram is 12 square inches. Give the .

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Base length is so the corresponding altitude is .

The area of a parallelogram is given by:

Where:

is the length of any base

is the corresponding altitude

So we can write:

### Example Question #6 : Area Of A Parallelogram

The length of the shorter diagonal of a rhombus is 40% that of the longer diagonal. The area of the rhombus is . Give the length of the longer diagonal in terms of .

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Let be the length of the longer diagonal. Then the shorter diagonal has length 40% of this. Since 40% is equal to , 40% of is equal to .

The area of a rhombus is half the product of the lengths of its diagonals, so we can set up, and solve for , in the equation:

### Example Question #7 : Area Of A Parallelogram

The length of the shorter diagonal of a rhombus is two-thirds that of the longer diagonal. The area of the rhombus is square yards. Give the length of the longer diagonal, in inches, in terms of .

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Let be the length of the longer diagonal in *yards*. Then the shorter diagonal has length two-thirds of this, or .

The area of a rhombus is half the product of the lengths of its diagonals, so we can set up the following equation and solve for :

To convert yards to inches, multiply by 36:

### Example Question #8 : Area Of A Parallelogram

The longer diagonal of a rhombus is 20% longer than the shorter diagonal; the rhombus has area . Give the length of the shorter diagonal in terms of .

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

Let be the length of the shorter diagonal. If the longer diagonal is 20% longer, then it measures 120% of the length of the shorter diagonal; this is

of , or .

The area of a rhombus is half the product of the lengths of its diagonals, so we can set up an equation and solve for :

### Example Question #1 : Understand Categories And Subcategories Of Two Dimensional Figures: Ccss.Math.Content.5.G.B.3

Which of the following shapes is NOT a quadrilateral?

**Possible Answers:**

Rhombus

Triangle

Kite

Rectangle

Square

**Correct answer:**

Triangle

A quadrilateral is any two-dimensional shape with sides. The only shape listed that does not have sides is a triangle.

### Example Question #1 : Understand Categories And Subcategories Of Two Dimensional Figures: Ccss.Math.Content.5.G.B.3

What is the main difference between a square and a rectangle?

**Possible Answers:**

Their color

The number of sides they each have

The sum of their angles

Their side lengths

Their angle measurments

**Correct answer:**

Their side lengths

The only difference between a rectangle and a square is their side lengths. A square has to have equal side lengths, but the opposite side lengths of a rectangle only have to be equal.

### Example Question #3 : Understand Categories And Subcategories Of Two Dimensional Figures: Ccss.Math.Content.5.G.B.3

What two shapes can a square be classified as?

**Possible Answers:**

Trapezoid and Rhombus

Rectangle and Triangle

Trapezoid and Triangle

Rectangle and Rhombas

Rhombus and Triangle

**Correct answer:**

Rectangle and Rhombas

A square can also be a rectangle and a rhombus because a rectangle has to have at least sets of equal side lengths and a rhombus has to have equal side lengths, like a square, and at least sets of equal angles.

### Example Question #2 : Understand Categories And Subcategories Of Two Dimensional Figures: Ccss.Math.Content.5.G.B.3

What is the main difference between a triangle and a rectangle?

**Possible Answers:**

The number of sides

The area

The volume

The color

The length of the sides

**Correct answer:**

The number of sides

Out of the choices given, the only characteristic used to describe shapes is the number of sides. A triangle has sides and a rectangle has sides.

### Example Question #5 : Understand Categories And Subcategories Of Two Dimensional Figures: Ccss.Math.Content.5.G.B.3

Which two shapes have to have right angles?

**Possible Answers:**

Square and Rectangle

Rectangle and Parallelogram

Rectangle and Rhombus

Square and Parallelogram

Square and Rhombus

**Correct answer:**

Square and Rectangle

By definition, the only two quadrilaterals that have to have right angles, are the square and the rectangle.

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